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“Old Fashioned British Sweets From Your Childhood”

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“Old Fashioned British Sweets From Your Childhood”
plastic prototype parts suppliers
Image by brizzle born and bred
1953: Sweet rationing ends in Britain

Children all over Britain have been emptying out their piggy-banks and heading straight for the nearest sweet-shop as the first unrationed sweets went on sale today. Toffee apples were the biggest sellers, with sticks of nougat and liquorice strips also disappearing fast.

One firm in Clapham Common gave 800 children 150lbs of lollipops during their midday break from school, and a London factory opened its doors to hand out free sweets to all comers.

Adults joined in the sugar frenzy, with men in the City queuing up in their lunch breaks to buy boiled sweets and to enjoy the luxury of being able to buy 2lb boxes of chocolates to take home for the weekend.

Do you remember your favourite childhood sweets and the excitement of going to the local sweet shop and choosing from the vast array of jars on the shelves full of colourful mouth watering temptations?

They were weighed by the quarter on a big old fashioned metal scale pan and packaged into small white paper bags.

For many of us, the Saturday ritual of sweets-buying has lingered into adulthood, and it is heartening to find so many places selling from jars. Indeed, the Bonds sweets factory in Carlisle – a major supplier – is planning to redesign its plastic jars to be squatter and wider than usual: an echo of the prewar shape. Multicoloured jars lined up on shelves are very alluring, for many of us a potent reminder of a time when the local sweet shop represented a kind of El Dorado.

If you thought it was just kids who ate sugar confectionery you’d be wide of the mark. Many of the lines might have been developed for children but prove a hit with adults, too. Even the tough guys (and gals) in the British armed forces love their sweets according to NAAFI figures, servicemen and women in Afghanistan last year munched their way through 923,583 bags of Haribo.

Here in the UK, sweetie buying habits change as we hopefully head towards warmer weather, with more people opting for fruity sweets rather than chocolate bars.

THE SWEETS GRAVEYARD

Spangles

Dimpled, square boiled sweets in fruit-flavoured and Old English varieties. Spangles was a brand of boiled sweets, manufactured by Mars Ltd in the United Kingdom from 1950 to the early eighties. They were bought in a paper tube with individual sweets cellophane wrapped. They were distinguished by their shape which was a rounded square with a circular depression on each face.

The regular Spangles tube (labelled simply "Spangles") contained a variety of translucent, fruit flavoured sweets: strawberry, blackcurrant, orange, pineapple, lemon and lime.

Originally the sweets were not individually wrapped, but later a waxed paper, and eventually a cellophane wrapper was used. The tube was a bright orange-red colour, bearing the word "Spangles" in a large letters. In the seventies a distinctive, seventies-style font was used.

Over the production period many different, single flavour varieties were introduced including Acid Drop, Barley Sugar, Blackcurrant, Liquorice, Peppermint, Spearmint and Tangerine.

The Old English Spangles tube contained traditional English flavours such as liquorice, mint humbugs, cough candy, butterscotch and pear drops. One of the flavours was an opaque mustard yellow colour, and one was striped.

The sweets’ individual wrappers were striped, distinguishing them from regular Spangles. The tube was black, white and purple, and designed for a more mature and specific clientele than the regular variety.

Spangles were discontinued in the early eighties, and briefly reintroduced in 1994, including in Woolworths outlets in the UK. There are many nostalgic references to them from children who grew up with them. Spangles are associated with the 1970s and they, like Space Hoppers or the Raleigh Chopper, have become shorthand for lazy nostalgia for the time, as in the phrase "Do you remember Spangles?"

Today the Tunes brand is the only remaining relation of the Spangles brand, sharing the shape and wrapping of the original product. In the UK, Tunes no longer have the Spangles style packaging, and they are now lozenge-shaped.

Cabana bar

Very sweet coconut-centred chocolate bar with cherry twist made by Cadbury’s.

Pineapple Mars

This early tropical-flavoured prototype was not a lasting success

Fry’s Five Centres

Follow-up to famous Fry’s Five Boys. Fry’s Cream is a chocolate bar made by Cadbury’s, and formerly by J. S. Fry & Sons. It consists of a fondant centre enrobed in dark chocolate and is available in a plain version, and also peppermint or orange fondant. Fry’s Chocolate Cream was one of the first chocolate bars ever produced, launched in 1866.

There are currently three variants of Fry’s Cream:

Fry’s Chocolate Cream
Fry’s Orange Cream
Fry’s Peppermint Cream

Over the years, other variants existed:

Fry’s Five Centre (orange, raspberry, lime, strawberry, and pineapple), produced from 1934 to 1992.

Fry’s Strawberry Cream
Fry’s Pineapple Cream

Cadbury’s also produced a solid milk chocolate bar called Five Boys using the Fry’s trademark in the 1960s. Cadbury’s produced milk and plain chocolate sandwich bars under the Fry’s branding also.

Fry’s chocolate bar was promoted by model George Lazenby, later James Bond actor, in 1962.

The Fry’s Chocolate bar was first produced in Union Street, Bristol, England in 1866, where the family name had been associated with chocolate making since circa 1759. In 1923 Fry’s (now Cadbury) chocolate Factory moved to Keynsham, England, but due to the imminent closure of the factory the production of the bar will move, possibly to Poland.

Banjo bar

Banjo is a chocolate bar once available in the UK. Introduced with a substantial television advertising campaign in 1976, Banjo was a twin bar (similar in shape and size to Twix) and based upon a wafer with a chopped peanut layer and the whole covered in milk chocolate. It was packaged in distinctive navy blue – with the brand name prominently displayed in yellow block text – and was one of the first British snack bars to have a heat-sealed wrapper closure instead of the reverse-side fold common to most domestically-produced chocolate bars at that time. It was available into the 1980s. There was a coconut version also available in a red wrapper with yellow text.

Aztec bars

So many sweet lovers would love to be able to enjoy Aztec bars again. Sadly it isn’t possible to buy Aztec bars at the moment. It was like a Mars Bar but not as sickly because it had nougat instead of toffee. It had a purple wrapper it was made by Cadbury’s.

Opal Fruits

Mars, the manufacturers, is bringing back the sweets for a limited period in conjunction with the supermarket chain ASDA.

The fruit chews that were "made to make you mouth water" were replaced by Starburst in 1998, the name under which they had been exported to the US in the seventies.

But the iconic British brand is being revived in celebration of the tenth anniversary of the change.

They will be available for an initial period of 12 weeks from May 10, exclusively in ASDA stores.

A spokesperson for ASDA said: "The demise of the Opal Fruit was mourned across the nation, and we’re really excited to be staging the exclusive comeback of this great British favourite."

Opal Fruits were initially introduced in Britain in the 1960s.

In 1998, the US brand Starburst was adopted in England in order to standardise the brand in the global marketplace.

Expectations are high that the move to bring back Opal Fruits will be popular with consumers.

As well as reverting to the original flavours of lemon, lime, orange and strawberry, the new Opal Fruits will be a strictly natural affair.

The limited edition will be produced using no artificial colouring or preservatives, a move that both ASDA and Mars hope will appeal to twenty-first century customers.

The return of Opal Fruits continues the recent trend of reviving classic brands.

Cadbury reintroduced the Wispa last year after an internet campaign which also involved protesters storming a stage at the Glastonbury festival.

Sherbert Fountain

Sherbet is sold in a plastic tube with twist-off lid, with a stick made from liquorice as a sherbet fountain. Many consumers regret the replacement of the former paper packaging, which allowed an extra dimension of enjoyment: the crushing of the caked lumps of sherbet as the paper cylinder was rolled between the hands. The top of the stick is supposed to be bitten off to form a straw and the sherbet sucked through it, where it fizzes and dissolves on the tongue, though many people prefer to either dip the liquorice in the sherbet and lick it off or to tip the sherbet into their mouths and eat the liquorice separately.

When paired with liquorice, sherbet is typically left unflavoured in a white form and with a higher reactive agent so that it causes a fizzy foam to develop in the mouth.

They are manufactured by Barratt, a subsidiary of Tangerine Confectionery.

Though some shops still sell the old-style only.

Sherbert Flying Saucers

These small pastel coloured rice paper sweets were shaped like a U.F.O. and contained delightfully fizzy sherbet.

Small dimpled discs made from edible coloured paper (rice paper), typically filled with white unflavoured sherbet (the same form as in Sherbet Fountains) These sweets had sherbert in the middle and a kind of melt-in-your-mouth outer shell.

Black Jacks Chews

Black Jack is a type of "aniseed flavour chew" according to its packaging. This means that it is a chewy (gelatin-based) confectionery. Black Jack is manufactured under the Barratt brand in Spain. Black Jack is very similar to Fruit Salad, which are also manufactured by Barratt.

Black Jacks are one of the most well-known classic British sweets. They`re aniseed-flavoured, chewy and black with a unique taste, and they make your tongue go black!

The original labels from the 1920’s pictured a grinning gollywog – unbelievably, back then images of black people were used to advertise Liquorice. This is seen as unacceptable today, of course, and by the late 80s manufacturers Trebor deleted the golly logo. It was replaced by a pirate with a black beard.

In the early 1990s the pirate logo was replaced by a rather boring black and white swirl design.

Cabana bars

Cabana bars died out in about 1984, and as they were made by Rowntree (sold to Nestle in 1989) they’re very unlikely to make a comeback.

Licorice Bootlaces

Long thin strips of licorice in the shape of boot laces.

Pineapple Chunks

Pineapple Flavour Hard Boiled Sweets.

Jamboree Bag

Bags of different sorts of sweets, with dodgy plastic toys and whistles etc, where are they now?

Rhubarb & Custard

Rhubarb and Custard flavoured boiled sweet, with it’s two colours.

Gobstoppers

Gobstoppers, known as jawbreakers in Canada and the United States, are a type of hard sweet or candy. They are usually round, usually range from about 1 cm across to 3 cm across (though much bigger gobstoppers can sometimes be found in Canadian/US candy stores, up to 8 cm in diameter) and are traditionally very hard.

The term gobstopper derives from ‘gob’, which is United Kingdom/Ireland slang for mouth.

Gobstoppers usually consist of several layers, each layer dissolving to reveal a different colored (and sometimes different flavoured) layer, before dissolving completely. Gobstoppers are sucked or licked, being too hard to bite without risking dental damage (hence the US title).

Gobstoppers have been sold in traditional sweet shops for at least a century, often sold by weight from jars. As gobstoppers dissolve very slowly, they last a very long time in the mouth, which is a major factor in their enduring popularity with children. Larger ones can take days or even weeks to fully dissolve, risking a different kind of dental damage.

In 2003, Taquandra Diggs, a nine year old girl in Starke, Florida, suffered severe burns, allegedly from biting down on a Wonka Everlasting Gobstopper that had been left out in the sun. Diggs and several other victims’ families filed lawsuits against Nestlé for medical bills resulting from plastic surgery as well as pain and suffering; the matters were later settled outside of court for an undisclosed amount.

A 2004 episode of the Discovery Channel television program "Myth Busters" episode subsection named Exploding Jawbreakers then demonstrated that heating a gobstopper in a microwave oven can cause the different layers inside to heat at different rates, yielding an explosive spray of very hot candy when compressed; Myth Busters crew members Adam Savage and Christine Chamberlain received light burns after a gobstopper exploded.

Acid Drops

Tongue-tinglingly sharp boiled sweets.

Barley Sugar

Barley sugar (or barley sugar candy) is a traditional variety of British boiled sweet, or hard candy, yellow or orange in colour with an extract of barley added as flavouring. It is similar to hard caramel candy in its texture and taste.

Barley sugars and other energy sweets are the only food allowed to be eaten in the New Zealand & Australian 40 Hour Famine, an annual event which draws attention to world hunger. A single barley sugar is allowed to be consumed once every 4 hours during the 40 Hour Famine. This applies to participants older than primary school age.

Bulls Eyes Humbug

Humbugs are a traditional hard boiled sweet available in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. They are usually flavoured with peppermint and striped in two different colours (often brown and tan). They have a hard outside and a soft toffee centre. Humbugs are typically cylinders with rounded ends wrapped in a twist of cellophane, or else pinched cylinders with a 90-degree turn between one end and the other (shaped like a pyramid with rounded edges), loose in a bag.

They are more often eaten in winter than summer, as they are considered "warming." The name of the candy is not related to the phrase "Bah, humbug" derived from Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. That expression implies a general dissatisfaction with the Christmas season. However, offering humbugs around Christmas time is now seen by some as humorous or ironic, and was featured in an episode of Blackadder in this manner.

A similar sweet is "bulls-eye" which has black and white stripes like a humbug but is spherical like an aniseed ball. These are peppermint flavoured and are also known as bullets in the UK as they are similar in size to smoothbore musket balls.

Love Hearts

Love Hearts are a type of confectionery manufactured by Swizzels Matlow in the United Kingdom. They are hard, fizzy, tablet-shaped sweets in a variety of fruit flavours featuring a short, love-related message on one side of the sweet.

The sweets are small and circular, approximately 19 mm in diameter, and 5 mm in height (including the embossed decorations). Both sides are embossed with a decoration, the rear with a large outline of a heart and the front with the message within an outline of a heart. On the front of the sweet the embossing is highlighted with a red colouring.

The main body of the sweet is coloured in one of the 6 colours – white, yellow, orange, green, purple or red. Especially for the darker red and purple colourings this colouring is somewhat blotchy.

Fruit Salads

Fruit Salad is a type of "Raspberry & Pineapple flavour chew" according to its packaging. This means that it is a chewy (gelatin-based) confectionery. Fruit Salad is manufactured by Barratt in Spain. Fruit Salad is very similar to Black Jack, which are also manufactured by Barratt.

Sweet ‘Cigarette’ Sticks

(sticks wrapped in paper, in packs that looked just like real cigarettes)

Candy cigarettes is a candy introduced in the early 20th century made out of chalky sugar, bubblegum or chocolate, wrapped in paper as to resemble cigarettes. Their place on the market has long been controversial because many critics believe the candy desensitizes children, leading them to become smokers later in life. Because of this, the selling of candy cigarettes has been banned in several countries such as Finland, Norway, the Republic of Ireland, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

In the United States a ban was considered in 1970 and again in 1991, but was not passed into federal law. The U.S. state of North Dakota enacted a ban on candy cigarettes from 1953 until 1967. In Canada federal law prohibits candy cigarette branding that resembles real cigarette branding and the territory of Nunavut has banned all products that resemble cigarettes.

The Family Smoking and Prevention Control Act was misquoted as banning candy cigarettes. The Act bans any form of added flavoring in tobacco cigarettes other than menthol. It does not regulate the candy industry.

Candy cigarettes continue to be manufactured and consumed in many parts of the world. However, many manufacturers now describe their products as candy sticks, bubble gum, or candy.

Popeye Cigarettes marketed using the Popeye character were sold for a while and had red tips (to look like a lit cigarette) before being renamed candy sticks and being manufactured without the red tip.

Liquorice "Smoker’s Sets"

Sweet smokers sets with sweet cigarettes, tobacco and liquorice pipes. CONCERNS have been raised about the availability of candy-style imitation cigarettes. The sweets, which look remarkably like a hand-rolled cigarette and packaged in replica cigarette packets.

"Recently there has been a trend for buying so-called retro candy such as aniseed balls and spangles. It’s unfortunate that chocolate cigarettes have re surfaced but it’s not illegal to sell them and it’s really up to retailers to decide whether or not it’s a product with which they wish to be associated."

Aniseed Balls

Aniseed balls are a type of hard round sweet sold in the UK, New Zealand and Australia. They are shiny and dark brownish red, and hard like Gobstoppers.

Aniseed Balls are something you either love or hate! They are flavoured by aniseed oil (obviously!), and have a very strong aniseed flavour. They last for a long time in the mouth before dissolving and in the centre of the ball is a whole rapeseed that can be crushed.

Butterscotch

Butterscotch is a type of confectionery whose primary ingredients are brown sugar and butter, although other ingredients such as corn syrup, cream, vanilla, and salt are part of some recipes.

The ingredients for butterscotch are similar to toffee, but for butterscotch the sugar is boiled to the soft crack stage, and not hard crack as with toffee. Butterscotch sauce is often made into a syrup, which is used as a topping for ice cream (particularly sundaes).

The term butterscotch is also often used for the flavour of brown sugar and butter together even where actual confection butterscotch is not involved, e.g. butterscotch pudding.

Food historians have several theories regarding the name and origin of this confectionery, but none are conclusive. One explanation is the meaning "to cut or score" for the word "scotch", as the confection must be cut into pieces, or "scotched", before hardening. It is also possible that the "scotch" part of its name was derived from the word "scorch".

However, the word was first recorded in Doncaster, in England, where Samuel Parkinson began making the confectionery in 1817. Parkinson’s Butterscotch had royal approval and was one of Doncaster’s attractions until it ceased production in 1977. The recipe was revived in 2003 when a Doncaster businessman and his wife rediscovered the recipe on an old folded piece of paper inside one of the famous St Leger tins in their cellar.

Butterscotch is an example of a genericized trademark, originally a trademark of Parkinson’s.

Jelly Babies

Jelly babies are a type of soft confectionery that look like little babies in a variety of colours. There are currently several companies that make jelly babies, most predominantly Trebor Bassett (part of the Cadbury Group of companies, and famous for their liquorice allsorts) and also Rowntree (Nestlé).

Jelly Babies were launched by Bassett’s in 1918 in Sheffield as "Peace Babies" to mark the end of World War I. Production was suspended during World War II due to wartime shortages and the fact that the name had largely become ironic. In 1953 the product was relaunched as "Jelly Babies". In March 1989 Bassett’s were taken over by Cadbury Schweppes who had earlier acquired the Trebor brand.

Jelly Babies manufactured in the United Kingdom tend to be dusted in starch which is left over from the manufacturing process where it is used to aid release from the mould. Jelly Babies of Australian manufacture generally lack this coating.

Like many gummy sweets, they contain gelatin and are thus not suitable for vegetarians.

A popular science class experiment is to put them in a strong oxidising agent and see the resulting spectacular reaction. The experiment is commonly referred to as "Screaming jelly babies".

Each Bassett’s Jelly Baby now has an individual name and shape, colour and flavour: Brilliant (red – strawberry), Bubbles (yellow – lemon), Baby Bonny (pink – raspberry), Boofuls (green – lime), Bigheart (purple – blackcurrant) and Bumper (orange). The introduction of different shapes and names was a new innovation, circa 1989, prior to which all colours of jelly baby were a uniform shape.

Jelly Babies are similar in appearance to Gummi bears, which are better known outside of the United Kingdom, though the texture is different, Jelly Babies having a harder outer "crust" and a softer, less rubbery, centre.

In 2007, Bassett’s Jelly Babies changed to include only natural colours and ingredients.

In the early 1960s, after Beatles guitarist George Harrison revealed in an interview that he liked jelly babies, audiences showered him and the rest of the band with the sweets at live concerts and fans sent boxes of them as gifts.[citation needed] Unfortunately American fans could not obtain this soft British confection, replacing them with harder jelly beans instead. To the group’s discomfort, they were frequently pelted with jelly beans during concerts while in America.

Jelly babies are popular with several of the Doctors in the television series Doctor Who. The Second Doctor was the first to have them in his pockets. The Fourth Doctor had them throughout his time on the show. They also appear briefly with the Tenth Doctor In the 2007 episode "The Sound of Drums", The Master is seen eating them.

Dolly mixture

This is a British confection, consisting of a variety of multi-coloured fondant shapes, such as cubes and cylinders, with subtle flavourings. The mixtures also include hard-coated fondants in "round edged cube" shapes and sugar coated jellies. They are sold together, in a mixture in a medium-sized packet. It is produced by various companies in different countries; the most popular brands are those produced by Trebor Bassett (now a part of the Cadbury’s consortium)

Bonbons

The name bonbon (or bon-bon) stems from the French word bon, literally meaning “good”. In modern usage, the term "bonbon" usually refers to any of several types of sweets and other table centerpieces across the world.

The first bonbons come from the 17th century when they were made at the royal court especially for children who were eating them and chanting bon, bon!, French for good, good!.

Bonbon is also a colloquial expression (as in, "She sat around all day eating bon-bons while her husband was at work."). This sweet inspired Johann Strauss II to compose a waltz named, "Wiener Bonbons".

Chewits

Chewits is the brand name of a chewy, cuboid-shaped, soft taffy candy manufactured by Leaf International.

Chewits was launched in the UK in 1965. The sweets were originally manufactured in Southport, but after the closing of the factory in 2006 manufacture was moved to Slovakia. The original flavours consisted of Strawberry, Blackcurrant, Orange and Banana. Over the years more exotic flavours such as Ice Cream, Cola, Rhubarb & Custard, and Blue Mint were introduced as limited edition flavours. New Chewits pack designs, formats and flavours were launched in 2009.

Currently Chewits core flavour range includes Strawberry, Blackcurrant, Fruit Salad, Ice Cream and Orange. Ice Cream Chewits, originally released in 1989, were re-introduced in 2009 following an online petition and demand expressed on Facebook and Bebo.

Chewits were first advertised on television in 1976. The original advertisements featured the ‘Monster Muncher’, a Godzilla-resembling mascot on the hunt for something chewy to eat. The first ad featuring the Muncher threatening New York was made by French Gold Abbott and created by John Clive and Ian Whapshot. The first ad was so successful the sequel was delayed. The ‘Monster Muncher’ chomps and tramples humorously local and well-known international landmarks such as Barrow-in-Furness Bus Depot, a London block of flats, London Bridge, the Taj Mahal, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, and the Empire State Building. The ‘Monster Muncher’ could only be quelled by a pack of Chewits.

A spin-off computer game, The Muncher, was released for the ZX Spectrum in 1988.

The original adverts used claymation special effects, similar in style to those made famous in the movies of Ray Harryhausen. They also included a voiceover style reminiscent of a 1950s radio serial.

A subsequent advertisement, originally aired in 1995, plays on the over-the-top advertising style of the post-war era. To the tune of bright 50’s era orchestration, a salesy narrator exhorts viewers to try a variety of chewy consumer items in the essential guide to a chewier chew. The ad shows the ‘Monster Muncher’ sampling items such as Wellington boots, a rubber boat and a rubber plant in order to be ready for the chewiest of chews – Chewits.

In the late 1990s, Chewits experimented with ads showing multiple news casting dinosaur puppets. The catchphrase advice at the close of each ‘broadcast’ was to "do it before you chew it". This style of ads was relatively short-lived for Chewits.

With a change of advertising agencies, the puppets were replaced by colourful 2D animations. The ‘Monster Muncher’ was re-introduced as ‘Chewie’ in two popular adverts from this time. In the first, which aired in 2000, Chewie roller skates on two buses through a busy city scene. The second, which went out a year later in 2001, shows Chewie waterskiing at a popular seaside resort. The ads included a rendition of the 1994 hit song ‘I like to move it’ by Reel 2 Real, with the chorus, "I like to Chewit Chewit."

In 2003, after a further shift in advertising agencies, a new ad was aired showing a wide range of animals auditioning to be the new face of Chewits. The ad announced the return of the iconic dinosaur Chewie mascot, now dubbed ‘Chewie the Chewitsaurus’.

In 2009, Chewits introduced the new Chewie the Chewitsaurus look, showing a contemporary, computer-game-style slick design. Chewie the Chewitsaurus features on all Chewits packaging and sponsorship activity.

Fizzy Cola Bottles

Remember that fizzy, sour cola taste you used to get from these? I think these are another sweet you either love or hate. Real cola tasting Giant fizzy bottles.

Milk Bottles

These white milk bottle shaped chewy white sweets are also known as milk gums. They were pretty popular in the UK, and are still selling well today repackaged as retro sweets.

Pacers

These were a kind of Opal Fruits spin-off, but came in peppermint and spearmint flavours. They were discontinued sometime in the 80’s.

Sweet Bananas

These yummy sweet bananas, soft, juicy chews with a lovely mellow banana flavour.

Mackintosh’s Toffee

Mackintosh’s Toffee is a sweet created by John Mackintosh.

Mackintosh opened up his sweets shop in Halifax, Yorkshire, England in 1890, and the idea for Mackintosh’s Toffee, not too hard and not too soft, came soon after. In 1969, Mackintosh’s merged with rival Rowntree to form Rowntree Mackintosh, which merged with Nestle in 1988.

The product is often credited with being over 100 years old.

The toffee is sold in bags containing a random assortment of individual wrapped flavoured toffees. The flavours are (followed by wrapping colour): Malt (Blue), Harrogate (Yellow), Mint (Green), Egg & Cream (Orange), Coconut (Pink), Toffee (Red). The red wrapped toffees do not display a flavour on the wrapper. The product’s subtitle is "Toffee De Luxe" and its motto "a tradition worth sharing".

Space Dust

Space Dust the candy that pops when placed in your mouth.

Bazooka bubble gum

It was first marketed shortly after World War II in the U.S. by the Topps Company based in Brooklyn, New York. The gum was packaged in a patriotic red, white, and blue color scheme. Beginning in 1953, Topps changed the packaging to include small comic strips with the gum, featuring the character "Bazooka Joe". There are 50 different "Bazooka Joe" comic-strip wrappers to collect. The product has been virtually unchanged in over 50 years.

The Topps company expanded the flavors, making them Original, Strawberry Shake, Cherry Berry, Watermelon Whirl, and Grape Rage. The Strawberry flavor is packaged in a pink and white wrapper and the Grape in a purple and white wrapper. Bazooka gum can also be found in a sugar free variety with the standard bubble gum flavor and a "Flavor Blasts" variety, claimed to have longer lasting, more intense taste. Bazooka gum comes in 2 different sizes.

Bazooka bubblegum is sold in many countries, often with Bazooka Joe comic strips translated into the local language. Bazooka gum is sold in Canada with cartoons in both English and French, depending upon the city. In Israel, manufactured under license to Elite, the cartoons are written in Hebrew. The gum was also sold in Yugoslavia and later in Slovenia until the local licensee allowed their license to expire in 2006. The "Bazooka Joe" cartoons are about "Bazooka Joe" and his friends. There are also "Bazooka Joe" t-shirts in return for 15 Bazooka Joe comics and .99 while supplies last. But the offer has been discontinued.

In May 2009 it was announced that the Bazooka Joe comic was to be adapted into a Hollywood movie.

Traffic Light lollies

These were a red yellow and green lolly that was a childhood favourtite sweet for many.

Black Magic Chocolates

What a huge disappointment these chocolates are!! A few years ago Nestle made an almighty mistake by doing away with THE best brand of dark chocolates, favourites of many thousands of people, and replacing them with cardboard pretend chocolate squares which tasted cheap and nasty. Most boxes ended up in the bin. Last year I had a letter from Nestle saying they were bringing the classics back, fantastic, I was straight to the shop for some, so bad was my addiction, but horribly they are nothing like the originals.

The dont taste or smell the same, the centres are hard and taste of chemicals, like long gone off chocolates. The bottom line is this, why change them in the first place? and when you realised you had made a mistake why not bring back the originals instead of these tacky replacements. very sad, and I still havent found any chocs like Black Magic, I still have original boxes with ribbons from the 1950’s, now they were class.

Texan

Ultra-chewy, chocolate-covered nougat bar launched in the mid-70s; disappeared in the mid-80s.

Banjo

Boring two-fingered wafer bar, lasted for most of the 80s.

Callard & Bowser Creamline Toffees

A 2001 casualty; they were better than Toffos.

Amazin Raisin

1971-78 – the sweets equivalent of rum’n’raisin ice cream.

Freshen Up

Chewing gum with a liquid centre, an 80s innovation.

Bluebird Toffee

A classic, but a recent casualty of confectionery industry takeovers.

Jap Desserts

These old coconut sweets (coconut was often known as ‘Jap’) died a death in the early 2000s.

Counters (Galaxy)

Harmless chocolate beans cruelly cut off.

Pink Panther

Extraordinary strawberry-flavoured chocolate bars, thin like Milky Bars. An acquired taste.

Bandit

Wafer biscuit – a challenger to Penguins.

Club bars

From Jacobs. The full range has been withdrawn, but Orange is still available. Symbol guide: plain = jack of clubs; milk = golf ball; mint = green leaf. Bog-standard but likable for thick chocolate.

Nutty Pure

80s bar, with a smoky brown see-through wrapper. Peanuts encase a fudge-type caramel log centre.

Double Agent

Extremely artificial blackcurrant- or apple-flavoured boiled sweets, with a sherbet centre and spy questions on the wrapper. Classic cold war confectionery.

Mighty Imp’s

Mighty Imps were really old fashioned liquorice and menthol pellets that used to turn your tongue black… lovely!

They were sugar free and were marketed to help you keep a clear voice and protect against a sore throat (due to the menthol content I suspect).

Zoom

This ice lolly on a stick was shaped like a rocket and was made up of three sections, each with its own distinct flavour. In sequence this was lime, lemon and strawberry.

Refreshers

Fruit flavour fizzy sweets in a roll. Raspberry, lemon, lime and orange flavours. Refreshingly fizzly.

White Chocolate Mice

These white chocolate mice were cream flavoured and are silky smooth on your tongue. You certainly will not want the cat to get these sweet mice!!

The top 10 Best Sales – Through the ages

1966

1 Mars bar
2 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
3 Wrigley’s Spearmint Gum
4 Milky Way
5 Polo
6 Kit Kat
7 Crunchie
8 Wrigley’s Arrowmint Gum
9 Rowntree’s Fruit Pastilles
10 Maltesers

1978

1 Mars bar
2 Kit Kat
3 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
4 Twix
5 Yorkie
6 Milky Way
7 Bounty
8 Maltesers
9 Aero
10 Smarties

1988

1 Mars bar
2 Kit Kat
3 Marathon
4 Wispa
5 Polo
6 Extra Strong Mints
7 Fruit Pastilles
8 Flake
9 Rolo
10 Double Decker

1997

1 Kit Kat
2 Mars bar
3 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
4 Roses
5 Twix
6 Wrigley’s Extra
7 Quality Street
8 Snickers
9 Maltesers
10 Galaxy

2004

1 Cadbury’s Dairy Milk
2 Wrigleys Extra
3 Maltesers
4 Galaxy
5 Mars bar
6 Kit Kat
7 Celebrations
8 Quality Street
9 Haribo (total sales)
10 Roses

Can anyone add to the list?

Packard 901 Sedan (1932)
plastic prototype parts suppliers
Image by pedrosimoes7
Cascais Classic Motorshow, Cascais, Portugal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

PRODUCTSAUTOMOBILE

Packard was an American luxury automobile marque built by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, United States, and later by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. The first Packard automobiles were produced in 1899, and the last in 1958, with one of the last concept cars built in 1956, the Packard Predictor.

HISTORY

1899–1905

Packard was founded by James Ward Packard, his brother William, and their partner, George Lewis Weiss, in the city of Warren, Ohio, where 400 Packard automobiles were built at their factory on Dana Street Northeast, from 1899 to 1903. A mechanical engineer, James Packard believed they could build a better horseless carriage than the Winton cars owned by Weiss, an important Winton stockholder, after Packard complained to Alexander Winton and offered suggestions for improvement, which were ignored; Packard’s first car was built in Warren, Ohio, on November 6, 1899.

Henry Bourne Joy, a member of one of Detroit’s oldest and wealthiest families, bought a Packard. Impressed by its reliability, he visited the Packards and soon enlisted a group of investors—including Truman Handy Newberry and Russell A. Alger Jr.

On October 2, 1902, this group refinanced and renamed the New York and Ohio Automobile Company as the Packard Motor Car Company, with James Packard as president. Alger later served as vice president.

Packard moved operations to Detroit soon after, and Joy became general manager (and later chairman of the board). An original Packard, reputedly the first manufactured, was donated by a grateful James Packard to his alma mater, Lehigh University, and is preserved there in the Packard Laboratory. Another is on display at the Packard Museum in Warren, Ohio.

In September, 1900, the Ohio Automobile Company was founded to produce Packard automobiles. These quickly gained an excellent reputation and the name was changed on October 13, 1902, to the Packard Motor Car Company.

In the beginning, all Packards had a single-cylinder engine until 1903. Packard vehicles featured innovations, including the modern steering wheel and, years later, the first production 12-cylinder engine, adapted from developing the Liberty L-12, and air-conditioning in a passenger car. Packard produced its "Twin Six" model series of 12-cylinder cars from 1915 to 1923.

While the Black Motor Company’s Black went as low as 5,Western Tool Works’ Gale Model A roadster was 0,the high-volume Oldsmobile Runabout went for 0, and the Cole 30 and Cole Runabout were US,500, Packard concentrated on cars with prices starting at ,600.

The marque developed a following among wealthy purchasers both in the United States and abroad, competing with European marques like Rolls-Royce and Mercedes Benz.

The 3,500,000-square-foot (330,000 m2) Packard plant on East Grand Boulevard in Detroit was located on over 40 acres (16 ha) of land. Designed by Albert Kahn Associates, it included the first use of reinforced concrete for industrial construction in Detroit and was considered the most modern automobile manufacturing facility in the world when opened in 1903. Its skilled craftsmen practiced over 80 trades. The dilapidated plant still stands, despite repeated fires.

The factory is in close proximity to the current General Motors Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly, which was the former site of the Dodge Vehicle factory from 1910 until 1980. Architect Kahn also designed the Packard Proving Grounds at Utica, Michigan.

1906–1930

Packard Fourth Series Six Model 426 Runabout (Roadster), 1927
From this beginning, through and beyond the 1930s, Packard-built vehicles were perceived as highly competitive among high-priced luxury American automobiles.

The company was commonly referred to as being one of the "Three Ps" of American motordom royalty, along with Pierce-Arrow of Buffalo, New York and Peerless of Cleveland, Ohio.

For most of its history, Packard was guided by its President and General Manager James Alvan Macauley, who also served as President of the National Automobile Manufacturers Association. Inducted into the Automobile Hall of Fame, Macauley made Packard the number one designer and producer of luxury automobiles in the United States. The marque was also highly competitive abroad, with markets in 61 countries. Gross income for the company was ,889,000 in 1928. Macauley was also responsible for the iconic Packard slogan, "ASK THE MAN WHO OWNS ONE".

In the 1920s, Packard exported more cars than any other in its price class, and in 1930, sold almost twice as many abroad as any other marque priced over 00.In 1931, 10 Packards were owned by Japan’s royal family. Between 1924 and 1930, Packard was also the top-selling luxury brand.

In addition to excellent luxury cars, Packard built trucks. A Packard truck carrying a three-ton load drove from New York City to San Francisco between 8 July and 24 August 1912. The same year, Packard had service depots in 104 cities.

The Packard Motor Corporation Building at Philadelphia, also designed by Albert Kahn, was built in 1910-1911. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

By 1931, Packards were also being produced in Canada.[20]

1931–1936

Entering the 1930s, Packard attempted to beat the stock market crash and subsequent Great Depression by manufacturing ever more opulent and expensive cars than it had prior to October 1929. While the Eight five-seater sedan had been the company’s top-seller for years,[21] the Twin Six, designed by Vincent,[22] was introduced for 1932, with prices starting at ,650 at the factory gate;[23] in 1933,[24] it would be renamed the Packard Twelve, a name it retained for the remainder of its run (through 1939). Also in 1931, Packard pioneered a system it called Ride Control, which made the hydraulic shock absorbers adjustable from within the car.[25] For one year only, 1932, Packard fielded an upper-medium-priced car, the Light Eight, at a base price of ,750, or 5 less than the standard Eight.[26]

1931 Ninth Series model 840
As an independent automaker, Packard did not have the luxury of a larger corporate structure absorbing its losses, as Cadillac did with GM and Lincoln with Ford. However, Packard did have a better cash position than other independent luxury marques. Peerless ceased production in 1932, changing the Cleveland manufacturing plant from producing cars to brewing beer for Carling Black Label Beer. By 1938, Franklin, Marmon, Ruxton, Stearns-Knight, Stutz, Duesenberg, and Pierce-Arrow had all closed.

A 1932 Ninth Series De Luxe Eight model 904 sedan-limousine
Packard also had one other advantage that some other luxury automakers did not: a single production line. By maintaining a single line and interchangeability between models, Packard was able to keep its costs down. Packard did not change cars as often as other manufacturers did at the time. Rather than introducing new models annually, Packard began using its own "Series" formula for differentiating its model changeovers in 1923. New model series did not debut on a strictly annual basis, with some series lasting nearly two years, and others lasting as short a time as seven months. In the long run, though, Packard averaged around one new series per year. By 1930, Packard automobiles were considered part of its Seventh Series. By 1942, Packard was in its Twentieth Series. The "Thirteenth Series" was omitted.

1934 Eleventh Series Eight model 1101 convertible sedan
To address the Depression, Packard started producing more affordable cars in the medium-price range. In 1935, the company introduced its first car under 00, the 120. Sales more than tripled that year and doubled again in 1936. To produce the 120, Packard built and equipped an entirely separate factory. By 1936, Packard’s labor force was divided nearly evenly between the high-priced "Senior" lines (Twelve, Super Eight, and Eight) and the medium-priced "Junior" models, although more than 10 times more Juniors were produced than Seniors. This was because the 120 models were built using thoroughly modern mass production techniques, while the Senior Packards used a great deal more hand labor and traditional craftsmanship. Although Packard almost certainly could not have survived the Depression without the highly successful Junior models,[27] they did have the effect of diminishing the Senior models’ exclusive image among those few who could still afford an expensive luxury car. The 120 models were more modern in basic design than the Senior models; for example, the 1935 Packard 120 featured independent front suspension and hydraulic brakes, features that would not appear on the Senior Packards until 1937.

1937–1941[edit]

1939 Packard Packard Twelve, 17th series

1941 Packard Custom Super Eight One-Eighty Formal sedan; 19th series, Model 1907

1941 Packard Station Wagon advertisement; either One-Ten Model 1900 or One-Twenty Model 1901
Packard was still the premier luxury automobile, even though the majority of cars being built were the 120 and Super Eight model ranges. Hoping to catch still more of the market, Packard decided to issue the Packard 115C in 1937, which was powered by Packard’s first six-cylinder engine since the Fifth Series cars in 1928. While the move to introduce the Six, priced at around 00,[28] was brilliant, for the car arrived just in time for the 1938 recession, it also tagged Packards as something less exclusive than they had been in the public’s mind, and in the long run hurt Packard’s reputation of building some of America’s finest luxury cars. The Six, redesignated 110 in 1940–41, continued for three years after the war, with many serving as taxicabs.[citation needed]

In 1939, Packard introduced Econo-Drive, a kind of overdrive, claimed able to reduce engine speed 27.8%; it could be engaged at any speed over 30 mph (48 km/h).[29] The same year, the company introduced a fifth, transverse shock absorber and made column shift (known as Handishift) available on the 120 and Six.[30]

1942–1945[edit]
In 1942, the Packard Motor Car Company converted to 100% war production.[31] During World War II, Packard again built airplane engines, licensing the Merlin engine from Rolls-Royce as the V-1650, which powered the famous P-51 Mustang fighter, ironically known as the "Cadillac of the Skies" by GIs in WWII.[32][33] Packard also built 1350-, 1400-, and 1500-hp V-12 marine engines for American PT boats (each boat used three) and some of Britain’s patrol boats. Packard ranked 18th among United States corporations in the value of wartime production contracts.[34]

By the end of the war in Europe, Packard Motor Car Company had produced over 55,000 combat engines. Sales in 1944 were 5,118,600. By May 6, 1945, Packard had a backlog on war orders of 8,000,000.[31]

1946–1956[edit]

Packard dealer in New York State, ca. 1950–1955
By the end of World War II, Packard was in excellent financial condition, but several management mistakes became ever more visible as time went on. Like other U.S. auto companies, Packard resumed civilian car production in late 1945, labelling them as 1946 models by modestly updating their 1942 models. As only tooling for the Clipper was at hand, the Senior-series cars were not rescheduled. One version of the story is that the Senior dies were left out in the elements to rust and were no longer usable. Another long-rumored tale is that Roosevelt gave Stalin the dies to the Senior series, but the ZiS-110 state limousines were a separate design.

Although the postwar Packards sold well, the ability to distinguish expensive models from lower-priced models disappeared as all Packards, whether sixes or eights, became virtually alike in styling. Further, amid a booming seller’s market, management had decided to direct the company more to volume middle-class models, thus concentrating on selling lower-priced cars instead of more expensive—and more profitable—models. Worse, they also tried to enter the taxi cab and fleet car market. The idea was to gain volume for the years ahead, but that target was missed: Packard simply was not big enough to offer a real challenge to the Big Three, and they lacked the deep pockets with which a parent company could shelter them, as well as the model lineup through which to spread the pricing.

As a result, Packard’s image as a luxury brand was further diluted. As Packard lost buyers of expensive cars, it could not find enough customers for the lesser models to compensate. The shortage of raw materials immediately after the war—which was felt by all manufacturers—hurt Packard more with its volume business than it would have had it had focused on the specialty luxury car market.

The Clipper became outdated as the new envelope bodies started appearing, led by Studebaker and Kaiser-Frazer. Had they been a European car maker, this would have meant nothing; they could have continued to offer the classic shape not so different from the later Rolls-Royce with its vertical grill. Although Packard was in solid financial shape as the war ended, they had not sold enough cars to pay the cost of tooling for the 1941 design. While most automakers were able to come out with new vehicles for 1948–49, Packard could not until 1951. They therefore updated by adding sheet metal to the existing body (which added 200 lb (91 kg) of curb weight).[citation needed] Six-cylinder cars were dropped for the home market, and a convertible was added. These new designs hid their relationship to the Clipper. Even that name was dropped—for a while.

The design chosen was a "bathtub" type. While this was considered futuristic during the war and the concept was taken further with the 1949 Nash—and survived for decades in the Saab 92-96 in Europe—the 1948–1950 Packard styling was polarizing. To some it was sleek and blended classic with modern; others nicknamed it the "pregnant elephant". Test driver for Modern Mechanix, Tom McCahill, referred to the newly designed Packard as "a goat" and "a dowager in a Queen Mary hat". Still, in this era, demand for any car was high, and Packard sold 92,000 vehicles for 1948 and 116,000 of the 1949 models.

Packard outsold Cadillac until about 1950; most sales were the midrange volume models. A buyer of a Super Eight paying a premium price did not enjoy seeing a lesser automobile with nearly all the Super Eight’s features, with just slight distinction in exterior styling. During this time, Cadillac was among the earliest U.S. makers to offer an automatic transmission (the Hydramatic in 1941), but Packard caught up with the Ultramatic, offered on top models in 1949 and all models from 1950 onward. Packard’s Ultramatic automatic transmission was the only one developed by an independent automaker was smoother than the GM Hydramatic, though acceleration was sluggish and owners were often tempted to put it into low gear for faster starts, which put extra strain on the transmission. However, while the Ultramatic was competitive, Packard was not able to immediately respond to Cadillac’s introduction of a powerful overhead valve V8 in 1949. Also, when a new body style was added in addition to standard sedans, coupes, and convertibles, Packard introduced a station wagon instead of a two-door hardtop in response to Cadillac’s Coupe DeVille. The Station Sedan, a wagon-like body that was mostly steel, with good deal of decorative wood in the back; only 3,864 were sold over its three years of production. Although the Custom Clippers and Custom Eights were built in its old tradition with craftsmanship and the best materials, all was not well. The combination of the lower priced Packards undermining sales and prestige of their higher end brethren, controversial styling, and some questionable marketing decisions, Packard seemed to lose focus on the luxury car market—relinquishing to a rising Cadillac. In 1950, sales dropped to 42,000 cars for the model year. When Packard’s president George T. Christopher announced the "bathtub" would get another facelift for 1951, influential parts of the management revolted. Christopher was forced to resign and loyal Packard treasurer Hugh Ferry became president.

The 1951 Packards were completely redesigned. Designer John Reinhart introduced a high-waisted, more squared-off profile that fit the contemporary styling trends of the era—very different from the design of 1948–50. New styling features included a one-piece windshield, a wrap-around rear window, small tailfins on the long-wheelbase models, a full-width grill, and "guideline fenders" with the hood and front fenders at the same height. The 122-inch (3,099 mm) wheelbase supported low-end 200-series standard and Deluxe two- and four-doors, and 250-series Mayfair hardtop coupes (Packard’s first) and convertibles. Upmarket 300 and Patrician 400 models rode a 127-inch (3,226 mm) wheelbase. The 200-series models were again low-end models and now included a low priced business coupe.

The 250, 300, and 400/Patricians were Packard’s flagship models and comprised the majority of production for that year. The Patrician was now the top-shelf Packard, replacing the Custom Eight line. Original plans were to equip it with a 356 cu in (5.8 L) engine, but the company decided that sales would probably not be high enough to justify producing the larger, more expensive power plant, and so instead the debored 327 cu in (5.4 L) (previously the middle engine) was used instead. While the smaller powerplant offered nearly equal performance in the new Packards to that of the 356, the move was seen by some as further denigrating Packard’s image as a luxury car.

Since 1951 was a quiet year with little new from the other auto manufacturers, Packard’s redesigned lineup sold nearly 101,000 cars. The 1951 Packards were a quirky mixture of the modern (the automatic transmissions) and aging (still using flathead inline eights when OHV V8 engines were rapidly becoming the norm). No domestic car lines had OHV V8s in 1948, but by 1955, every car line offered a version. The Packard inline eight, despite being an older design that lacked the power of Cadillac’s engines, was very smooth. When combined with an Ultramatic transmission, the drivetrain made for a nearly quiet and smooth experience on the road. However, it struggled to keep pace with the horsepower race. In May 1952, aging Packard president Hugh Ferry resigned and was succeeded by James J. Nance, a marketing hotshot recruited from Hotpoint to turn the stagnant company around (its main factory on Detroit’s East Grand Boulevard was operating at only 50% capacity). Nance worked to snag Korean War military contracts and turn around Packard’s badly diluted image. He declared that from now on, Packard would cease producing midpriced cars and build only luxury models to compete with Cadillac. As part of this strategy, Nance unveiled a low-production (only 750 made) glamour model for 1953, the Caribbean convertible. Competing directly with the other novelty ragtops of that year (Buick Skylark, Oldsmobile Fiesta, and Cadillac Eldorado), it was equally well received, and outsold its competition. However, overall sales declined in 1953. While the limited edition luxury models as the Caribbean convertible and the Patrician 400 Sedan, and the Derham custom formal sedan brought back some of the lost prestige from better days, the "high pocket" styling that had looked new two years earlier was no longer bringing people into the showrooms for the bread and butter Packards.

While American independent manufacturers like Packard did well during the early postwar period, supply had caught up with demand and by the early 1950s and they were increasingly challenged as the "Big Three"—General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler—battled intensely for sales in the economy, medium-priced, and luxury markets.[37] Those independents that remained alive in the early ’50s, merged. In 1953, Kaiser merged with Willys to become Kaiser-Willys. Nash and Hudson became American Motors (AMC). The strategy for these mergers included cutting costs and strengthening their sales organizations to meet the intense competition from the Big Three.

In 1953–54, Ford and GM waged a brutal sales war, cutting prices and forcing cars on dealers. While this had little effect on either company, it gravely damaged the independent automakers. Nash president George Mason thus proposed that the four major independents (Nash, Hudson, Packard, and Studebaker) all merge into one large outfit to be named American Motors Corporation. Mason held informal discussions with Nance to outline his strategic vision, and an agreement was reached for AMC to buy Packard’s Ultramatic transmissions and V8 engines, and they were used in 1955 Hudsons and Nashes. However, SPC’s Nance refused to consider merging with AMC unless he could take the top command position (Mason and Nance were former competitors as heads of the Kelvinator and Hotpoint appliance companies, respectively), but Mason’s grand vision of a Big Four American auto industry ended in October 1954 with his sudden death from a heart attack. A week after the death of Mason, the new president of AMC, George W. Romney, announced "there are no mergers under way either directly or indirectly".[39] Nevertheless, Romney continued with Mason’s commitment to buy components from SPC. Although Mason and Nance had previously agreed that SPC would purchase parts from AMC, it did not do so. Moreover, Packard’s engines and transmissions were comparatively expensive, so AMC began development of its own V8 engine, and replaced the outsourced unit by mid-1956.[40] Although Nash and Hudson merged along with Studebaker and Packard joining, the four-way merger Mason hoped for did not materialize. The S-P marriage (really a Packard buyout), proved to be a crippling mistake. Although Packard was still in fair financial shape, Studebaker was not, struggling with high overhead and production costs and needing the impossible figure of 250,000 cars a year to break even. Due diligence was placed behind "merger fever", and the deal was rushed. It became clear after the merger that Studebaker’s deteriorating financial situation put Packard’s survival at risk.

Nance had hoped for a total redesign in 1954, but the necessary time and money were lacking. Packard that year (total production 89,796) comprised the bread-and-butter Clipper line (the 250 series was dropped), Mayfair hardtop coupes and convertibles, and a new entry level long-wheelbase sedan named Cavalier. Among the Clippers was a novelty pillared coupe, the Sportster, styled to resemble a hardtop.

With time and money again lacking, 1954 styling was unchanged except for modified headlights and taillights, essentially trim items. A new hardtop named Pacific was added to the flagship Patrician series and all higher-end Packards sported a bored-out 359-cid engine. Air conditioning became available for the first time since 1942. Packard had introduced air conditioning in the 1930s. Clippers (which comprised over 80% of production) also got a hardtop model, Super Panama, but sales tanked, falling to only 31,000 cars.

The revolutionary new model Nance hoped for was delayed until 1955, partially because of Packard’s merger with Studebaker. Packard stylist Richard A. Teague was called upon by Nance to design the 1955 line, and to Teague’s credit, the 1955 Packard was indeed a sensation when it appeared. Not only was the body completely updated and modernized, but the suspension also was totally new, with torsion bars front and rear, along with an electric control that kept the car level regardless of load or road conditions. Crowning this stunning new design was Packard’s brand new ultra-modern overhead-valve V8, displacing 352 cu in (5.8 l), replacing the old, heavy, cast-iron side-valve straight-eight that had been used for decades. In addition, Packard offered the entire host of power, comfort, and convenience features, such as power steering and brakes, electric window lifts, and air conditioning (even in the Caribbean convertible), a Packard exclusive at the time. Sales rebounded to 101,000 for 1955, although that was a very strong year across the industry.

As the 1955 models went into production, an old problem flared up. Back in 1941, Packard had outsourced its bodies to Briggs Manufacturing. In December 1953, Briggs was sold to Chrysler, which notified Packard that they would need to find a new body supplier after the 1954 model year ended. Packard then leased a building on Conner Avenue from Chrysler, and moved its body-making and final assembly there. The facility proved too small and caused endless tie-ups and quality problems.[citation needed] Packard would have fared better building the bodies in its old, but amply-sized, main facility on East Grand Boulevard.[citation needed] Bad quality control hurt the company’s image and caused sales to plummet for 1956, though the problems had largely been resolved by that point.[citation needed] Additionally, a "brain drain" of talent away from Packard was underway, most notably John Z. DeLorean.[citation needed]

For 1956, the Clipper became a separate make, with Clipper Custom and Deluxe models available. Now the Packard-Clipper business model was a mirror to Lincoln-Mercury. "Senior" Packards were built in four body styles, each with a unique model name. Patrician was used for the four-door top of the line sedans, Four Hundred for the hardtop coupes, and Caribbean for the convertible and vinyl-roof two-door hardtop. In the spring of 1956, the Executive was introduced. Coming in a four-door sedan and a two-door hardtop, the Executive was aimed at the buyer who wanted a luxury car but could not justify Packard’s pricing. It was an intermediate model using the Packard name and the Senior models’ front end, but using the Clipper platform and rear fenders. This was to some confusing and went against what James Nance had been attempting for several years to accomplish, the separation of the Clipper line from Packard. However, as late as the cars’ introduction to the market, was there was reasoning for in 1957 this car was to be continued. It then became a baseline Packard on the all-new 1957 Senior shell. Clippers would share bodies with Studebaker from 1957.

Despite the new 1955/56 design, Cadillac continued to lead the luxury market, followed by Lincoln, Packard, and Imperial. Reliability problems with the automatic transmission and all electrical accessories further eroded the public’s opinion of Packard. Sales were good for 1955 compared to 1954. The year was also an industry banner year. Packard’s sales slid in 1956 due to the fit and finish of the 1955 models, and mechanical issues relating to the new engineering features. These defects cost Packard millions in recalls and tarnished a newly won image just in its infancy. Along with Studebaker sales dragging Packard down, things looked more terminal than ever for SPC.

For 1956, Teague kept the basic 1955 design, and added more styling touches to the body such as then−fashionable three toning. Headlamps hooded in a more radical style in the front fenders and a slight shuffling of chrome distinguished the 1956 models. "Electronic Push-button Ultramatic", which located transmission push buttons on a stalk on the steering column, proved trouble-prone, adding to the car’s negative reputation, possibly soon to become an orphan. Model series remained the same, but the V8 was now enlarged to 374 cu in (6.1 L) for Senior series, the largest in the industry. In the top-of-the-line Caribbean, that engine produced 310 hp (230 kW). Clippers continued to use the 352 engine. There were plans for an all−new 1957 line of Senior Packards based on the showcar Predictor. Clippers and Studebakers would also share many inner and outer body panels. (A private presentation of this 1957 new-car program was made to Wall Street’s investment bankers at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York in January 1956.) These models were in many ways far advanced from what would be produced by any automaker other at the time, save Chrysler, which would soon feel public wrath for its own poor quality issues after rushing its all−new 1957 lines into production. Nance was dismissed and moved to Ford as the head of the new Mercury-Edsel-Lincoln division. Although Nance tried everything, the company failed to secure funding for new retooling, forcing Packard to share Studebaker platforms and body designs. With no funding to retool for the advanced new models envisioned, SPC’s fate was sealed; the large Packard was effectively dead in an executive decision to kill "the car we could not afford to lose". The last fully-Packard-designed vehicle, a Patrician four-door sedan, rolled off the Conner Avenue assembly line on June 25, 1956.[citation needed]

1957–1958

In 1957, no more Packards were built in Detroit and the Clipper disappeared as a separate brand name. Instead, a Studebaker President–based car bearing the Packard Clipper nameplate appeared on the market, but sales were slow. Available in just two body styles, Town Sedan (four-door sedan) and Country Sedan (four-door station wagon), they were powered by Studebaker’s 289 cu in (4.7 l) V8 with a McCulloch supercharger, delivering the same 275 hp (205 kW) as the 1956 Clipper Custom, although at higher revolutions. Borrowing design cues from the 1956 Clipper (visual in the grille and dash), with wheel covers, tail lamps, and dials from 1956 along with the Packard cormorant hood mascot and trunk chrome trim from 1955 senior Packards, the 1957 Packard Clipper was more than a badge-engineered Studebaker—but also far from a Patrician. Had the company been able to invest more money to finish the transformation and position the car under a senior line of "true Packards", it might have been a successful Clipper. However, standing alone the cars sold in very limited numbers—and a number of Packard dealers dropped their franchises while customers stayed away, despite with huge price discounts, fearful of buying a car that could soon be an orphaned make. With the market flooded by inexpensive cars, minor automakers struggled to sell vehicles at loss leader prices to keep up with Ford and GM.[41] Also, a general decline in demand for large cars heralded an industry switch to compact cars such as the Studebaker Lark.

Predictably, many Packard devotees were disappointed by the marque’s perceived further loss of exclusivity and what they perceived as a reduction in quality. They joined competitors and media critics in christening the new models as "Packardbakers". The 1958 models were launched with no series name, simply as "Packard". New body styles were introduced, a two-door hardtop joined the four-door sedan. A new premier model appeared with a sporting profile: the Packard Hawk was based on the Studebaker Golden Hawk and featured a new nose and a fake spare wheel molded in the trunk lid reminiscent of the concurrent Imperial. The 1958 Packards were amongst the first in the industry to be "facelifted" with plastic parts. The housing for the new dual headlights and the complete fins were fiberglass parts grafted on Studebaker bodies. Very little chrome was on the lower front clip. Designer Duncan McCrae managed to include the 1956 Clipper tail lights for one last time, this time in a fin, and under a canted fin, a wild—or to some bizarre—mixture. Added to the front of all but the Hawk were tacked on pods for dual headlights, in a desperate attempt to keep up with late-1950s styling cues. All Packards were given 14 in (36 cm) wheels to lower the profile. The public reaction was predictable and sales were almost nonexistent. The Studebaker factory was older than Packard’s Detroit plant, with higher production requirements, which added to dipping sales. A new compact car on which the company staked its survival, the Lark, was a year away, and failed to sell in sufficient numbers to keep the marque afloat. Several makes were discontinued around this time. Not since the 1930s had so many makes disappeared: Packard, Edsel, Hudson, Nash, DeSoto, and Kaiser.

CONCEPT PACKARDS

1956 Predictor concept, at the Studebaker National Museum
During the 1950s, a number of "dream cars" were built by Packard in an attempt to keep the marque alive in the imaginations of the American car-buying public. Included in this category are the 1952 Pan American that led to the production Caribbean and the Panther (also known as Daytona), based on a 1954 platform. Shortly after the introduction of the Caribbean, Packard showed a prototype hardtop called the Balboa.[42] It featured a reverse-slanted rear window that could be lowered for ventilation, a feature introduced in a production car by Mercury in 1957 and still in production in 1966. The Request was based on the 1955 Four Hundred hardtop, but featured a classic upright Packard fluted grille reminiscent of the prewar models. In addition, the 1957 engineering mule "Black Bess" was built to test new features for a future car. This car had a resemblance to the 1958 Edsel. It featured Packard’s return to a vertical grill. This grill was very narrow with the familiar ox-yoke shape that was characteristic for Packard, and with front fenders with dual headlights resembling Chrysler products from that era. The engineering mule Black Bess was destroyed by the company shortly after the Packard plant was shuttered. Of the 10 Requests built, only four were sold off the showroom floor. Richard A. Teague also designed the last Packard show car, the Predictor. This hardtop coupe’s design followed the lines of the planned 1957 cars. It had many unusual features, among them a roof section that opened either by opening a door or activating a switch, well ahead of later T-tops. The car had seats that rotated out, allowing the passenger easy access, a feature later used on some Chrysler and GM products. The Predictor also had the opera windows, or portholes, found on concurrent Thunderbirds. Other novel ideas were overhead switches—these were in the production Avanti—and a dash design that followed the hood profile, centering dials in the center console area. This feature has only recently been used on production cars. The Predictor survives and is on display at the Studebaker National Museum section of the Center for History in South Bend, Indiana.

ASTRAL

One very unusual prototype, the Studebaker-Packard Astral, was made in 1957 and first unveiled at the South Bend Art Centre on January 12, 1958, and then at the March 1958 Geneva Motor Show.

It had a single gyroscopic balanced wheel and the publicity data suggested it could be nuclear powered or have what the designers described as an ionic engine. No working prototype was ever made, nor was it likely that one was ever intended.

The Astral was designed by Edward E. Herrmann, Studebaker-Packard’s director of interior design, as a project to give his team experience in working with glass-reinforced plastic. It was put on show at various Studebaker dealerships before being put into storage. Rediscovered 30 years later, the car was restored and put on display by the Studebaker museum.

THE END

Studebaker-Packard pulled the Packard nameplate from the marketplace in 1959. It kept its name until 1962 when "Packard" was dropped off the corporation’s name at a time when it was introducing the all new Avanti, and a less anachronistic image was being sought, thus finishing the story of the great American Packard marque. Ironically, it was considered that the Packard name might be used for the new fiberglass sports car, as well as Pierce-Arrow, the make Studebaker controlled in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

In the late 1950s, Studebaker-Packard was approached by enthusiasts to rebadge the French car maker Facel-Vega’s Excellence suicide-door, four-door hardtop as a "Packard" for sale in North America, using stock Packard V8s, and identifying trim including red hexagonal wheel covers, cormorant hood ornament, and classic vertical ox-yoke grille. The proposition was rejected when Daimler-Benz threatened to pull out of its 1957 marketing and distribution agreement, which would have cost Studebaker-Packard more in revenue than they could have made from the badge-engineered Packard. Daimler-Benz had little of its own dealer network at the time and used this agreement to enter and become more established in the American market through SPC’s dealer network, and felt this car was a threat to their models. By acquiescing, SPC did itself no favors and may have accelerated its exit from automobiles; Mercedes-Benz protecting their own turf helped ensure their future.

THE REVIVAL

In the 1990s, Roy Gullickson revived the Packard nameplate by buying the trademark and building a prototype Packard Twelve for the 1999 model year. His goal was to produce 2,000 of them per year, but lack of investment funds stalled that plan indefinitely and the Twelve were sold at an auto auction in Plymouth, MI, in July 2014.

PACKARD AUTOMOBILE ENGINES

Packard’s engineering staff designed and built excellent, reliable engines. Packard offered a 12-cylinder engine—the "Twin Six"—as well as a low-compression straight-eight, but never a 16-cylinder engine. After WWII, Packard continued with their successful straight-eight-cylinder flathead engines. While as fast as the new GM and Chrysler OHV V8s, they were perceived as obsolete by buyers. By waiting until 1955, Packard was almost the last U.S. automaker to introduce a high-compression V8 engine. The design was physically large and entirely conventional, copying many of the first-generation Cadillac, Buick, Oldsmobile, Pontiac, and Studebaker Kettering features. It was produced in 320 cu in (5.2 L) and 352 cu in (5.8 L) displacements. The Caribbean version had two four-barrel carburetors and produced 275 hp (205 kW). For 1956, a 374 cu in (6.1 L) version was used in the Senior cars and the Caribbean two four-barrels produced 305 hp (227 kW).

In-house designed and built, their Ultramatic automatic transmission featured a lockup torque converter with two speeds. The early Ultramatics normally operated only in "high" with "low" having to be selected manually. Beginning with late 1954, the transmission could be set to operate only in "high" or to start in "low" and automatically shift into "high". Packard’s last major development was the Bill Allison–invented Torsion-Level suspension, an electronically controlled four-wheel torsion-bar suspension that balanced the car’s height front to rear and side to side, having electric motors to compensate each spring independently. Contemporary American competitors had serious difficulties with this suspension concept, trying to accomplish the same with air-bag springs before dropping the idea.

Packard also made large aeronautical and marine engines. Chief engineer Jesse G. Vincent developed a V12 airplane engine called the "Liberty engine" that was used widely in Entente air corps during World War I. Packard-powered boats and airplanes set several records during the 1920s. For Packard’s production of military and navy engines, see the Merlin engine and PT boats, which contributed to the Allied victory in World War II. Packard also developed a jet-propulsion engine for the US Air Force, one of the reasons for the Curtiss-Wright take-over in 1956, as they wanted to sell their own jet.[47]

PACKARD AIRCRAFT ENGINES

During the First World War, Packard played a key role both in the design and the production of the Liberty L-12 engine.

In the interbellum, Packard built one of the world’s first diesel aviation engines, the 225-hp DR-980 radial. It powered the Stinson SM-8D, among others. It also powered a Bellanca CH-300 on a record endurance flight of over 84 hours, a record that stood for more than 50 years.

(Post from China rapid prototyping manufacturer blog)

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RI – RY – Historical Bristol Street Directory 1871
metal milling parts made in china
Image by brizzle born and bred
Mathews’ Bristol Street Directory 1871

Rich’s Buildings, Redcross Street

Rich’s Lane, St. Philips Marsh

Richmond Buildings, Richmond Road, Montpelier

1. Frederick Clarke
2. George Brown
3. Daniel Webb
4. William John Mansfield
6. W. Hawkins
7. William Hare
Thomas Buckle, Grosvenor house
Henry Boyce, Mines cottage
John Marshall Scott, Adelaide villa
John Hookins, Worcester cottage
Eliza Edmunds, Park villa
Jamcs Candy, Langham villa
Edward Trood, Isca villa

Richmond Hill, Quarry, Durdham Down

Richmond Hill, Queen’s Road, top of Park Street to Pembroke Road

George Edward Lomas
Rev. J. Nisbett
Stiles Rich
William Greenslade
John G. Trenerry
John Wesley Hall
Dr. Richard B. Ruddock
George C. Glasson
John Lawrence
Mrs Jones
Colonel James Briggs
Joseph Barker
Francis Hodges, professor of music
Miss Jane Freeling
Miss Fanny Bolling
?. Chillcott
Miss Louisa Rose, Clifton villa
Miss Catherine Betts, Coburg villa
Mrs S. Maskylne, Park house
Christopher Godwin, Kingston villa
John Miller, Freshford villa
Col. Charles F. Le Hardy, Bedford villa
Mrs S. F. Henley, Thornton villa
Edward Phillips, Edgecombe villa
Gilbert C. Harris, Devon villa
Henry Shute Nash, Beckles villa
Robert Beake Simmons, Burnett villa
Edward Bush, Fairlee villa
Samuel S. Wayte, Marlbro’ villa
Thomas Saunders Parnell, Southampton villa

Richmond Park, Pembroke Road

Richmond Park Villas, Pembroke Road

Mrs Kemp, Drayton villa
Rev. Aaron Rogers, Walton villa
Col. Honeyman Mackay, Inveravon villa
Miss Enesina Fearn
Miss Lucy Astley, Winford villa
James Burnett, Camp villa
Charles Isaacs, Spring villa
Mrs F. Mogg, Spring cottage
Buckingham Chapel
James Bailey, Chandos villa
John Walpole, Lansdown villa

Richmond Place, Horfield

Richmond Place, Wellington Terrace to Queen Street, Coronation Road, Clifton

Richmond Place, Richmond Road, Montpelier

Reginald A. Warren
Alfred Cooper
Mrs Jane Gummer
Mrs Jane Mercer
William Somers
William Hort
Alfred Furze
Arthur Jinks
John Pockson
Edward Collins
Thomas Oxley
George Edward Chambers
Thomas Ace

Richmond Road, Upper Montpelier, Picton Street to Fairfield Road

Mrs Elizabeth James
Mrs Ann Hensler

(Albion Place)

Joshua Marshman Hale

(Montpelier Building)

Frederick Matthew Driver, Montpelier house
1. William Brown
2. Charles Corfe
3. Reginald J. Hawkins
4. Frederick Alexander Aberson
5. Mrs Jane Mackreth
7. Rev. Edward Griffith
8. Richard Taylor
Walter Smith, Beach cottage
Mrs Elizabeth Martin, Field villa
Charles Highett, physician, Field house
Matthew Henry Hale, The Grove
Mrs Hale, 1, Fairfield villas
Edward Righton Carter, 2, Fairfield villas
Charles Rossiter, Montpelier farm
James Broadribb, 1, Rockville cottages
Edward Davis, 2, Rockville cottages
Thomas Carr, Apsley villa
Joseph Marston, Gray cottage

(Buckingham Place)

1. George Canute Whitwell
2. John Dykes
3. Robert Allen Dutson, accountant
4. William Essex LaTrobe
5. Benjamin Barrington
James Collins, Montpelier villa
John Milsom Hunt, Oak Villa
John Phillips, Paradise cottage
William Poole, Victoria cottage
Charles Skinner Coe, 1, Cadbury cottage
James Lee, 2, Cadbury cottage
William Evans, ale and porter stores, Cadbury House bristolslostpubs.eu/page131.html

(Russell Terrace)

Edwin James Smith
St. Augustine’s Chapel
Charles A. Dundas, St. Augustine College
Frederick Lewis, 1, Albion cottages
Alfred Green, plumber & gas-fitter 2, Albion cottages
Thomas Shorland, painter, 3, Albion cottages
William Henry Wright, Hope cottage
Thomas Yandell, Jamaica cottage
Richard David Trowbridge, Wenworth cottage

Richmond Road, Lawrence Hill to Barton Hill

Thomas Brown, jun. (Off Licence)
J. Burt, tailor
John Thorne, dairyman
Edwin Cole, grocer
A. Warn, grocer
W. Stone
Charles Griffiths, grocer
Thomas Pitt, greengrocer
A. Jefferies
Samuel Gore, mason
John Curl, stationer

Henry Watts, vict, Bridge inn (pub) Barrow Road. 1871 – 79. Henry Watts / 1882 – 83. William Tottle / 1885 – 89. Sarah Biggs / 1891. Edward Miller / 1896. Edwin Jones 1899 – 1901. John Brownley / 1904 – 06. Harriett Leonard.

William F. Osborne, vict, Engineer’s Tavern (pub) Barrow Road. 1871 – 79. William Osborne / 1882 – 91. Robert Marsh / 1892 – 96. Charles Marsh / 1899. Arthur Court / 1901. William Rawlings 1904. Frederick Gowen / 1906 – 28. Thomas Tandy / 1931. Albert Price / 1935. William Kilminster / 1937 – 38. Frederick Parker 1944 – 53. Elsie Dorothy Griffin.

Francis Crago, vict, Millwright’s Arms (pub) Barrow Road 1871. Francis Crago / 1876 – 79. James Wilkins / 1883 – 85. Richard Crew / 1887 – 89. Charles Crew / 1891. Joseph Jones 1892. Thomas Bengough / 1896. Henry Walters / 1899. Thomas Woodman / 1901 – 31. Joseph Maggs / 1935 – 53. George Brookes.

Alfred Short vict, Forgeman’s Arms (pub) Barrow Road. The Forgeman’s Arms had been the last remaining old building on Barrow Road when it was demolished in 2009. bristolslostpubs.eu/page260.html

Richmond Street, Summer’s Town, Barton Hill

W. O. Newell
William Lee
J. Francombe
John Jones, grocer
Gregory Fish, beer retailer (Off Licence)
Benjamin Scriven
James Hooper
James Peters, builder
E. Brown
D. Hamilton

Richmond Street, Cambridge Terrace, Totterdown

1. Reuben Leat, builder
2. John Hemus, waiter
3. Robert William Parker
4. Edwin Frost
5. William Clements
7. Samuel Halse, managing clerk
8. James Parish
9. George Hobbs
10. George Finkin, sugar boiler
11. Edward John Richardson
12. Samuel Lloyd, builder
13. Daniel Roberts
14. C. W. Caw
15. William Watts
17. James Flagg
18. Frederick Hall, commercial-trav
19. Francis Woodcock, chemist
20. ?.
21. ?.
22. William Tuckwell, city missionary
24. Edward Cusson, agent
25. Thomas Ford, plumber & gas-fitter
26. Orlando Harris
27. Thomas B. Smith, com-trav
28. William Henry White
30. John Wilson, tailor
31. John Richard Bowbeer, com-trav
32. Mrs. Perrin
33. Alfred Horley
34. Philip Hawkes
35. Thomas Philpotts, missionary
37. John Webb
38. John Sherer, railway guard

Richmond Terrace, Windmill Hill

www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2042727961

1. Mrs Stokes
2. William Parsons
3. George Harris Hall, (customs)
4. Mrs Chamberlain
5. James Hart
6. Samuel Smith
7. Richard Cottle, clerk
8. John Taylor
9. George Charles White, organ builder
10. Robert Mutter
11. Mrs Rowswell
12. George Burlton
13. Edward Charles, (customs)
14. Mrs Cottle
15. James Davis
16. Mrs A. White
17. Jesse T. Venn, baker
18. Isaac G. Sage
19. Edward Manning, painter, etc
20. Thomas Black, inspector of police
21. Henry P. Tolchard, compositor
22. William Price
23. ?.
24. Wllliam Tipney
25. James Trott
26. James Chivers (police)
27. Matthew Lansdown
28. George Pike, butcher
29. Henry Flower
30. Thomas Smith, dairyman
31. Mrs Salter
32. James William Kirley, police
33. Henry Vane
34. Benjamin White

Richmond Terrace, Queen’s Road near Victoria Square

Robert Follett
George Fox
Adam Roberts, cooper
John Edwards, lodging house
James McKnight, lodging house
Miss Williams
Mrs Fanny Ogborne, lodging house
Madame M. Hymans
Mrs Colonel Shaw
Major J. S. Payne
Burke Payne
Frederick A. Hensler
W. Bailey
Mrs Susannah Penton
Thomas George, lodging house
George Pugsley, lodging house
John Bindon
Joseph Hort, tailor, etc
William Frederick Pearse
Abraham Moseley, surgeon dentist
Miss Burt
George Johnston
Miss Eliza Hawson, boys prep school
George Nelson Harris, lodging house
Misses Minchin, ladies’ boarding school
Nurses’ Training Institution, Miss Cooper
Mrs Esther Beaven
Major Charles Giberne
Mrs Glover
Miss J. W. Barrett & Miss Townsend, ladies’ boarding school
Joshua Pomeroy
John D. Corfe
Mrs J. Russell
William Thomas Hammond
Mrs S. Pridham
Misses Nash, ladies’ boarding school

Richmond Terrace (Upper), Barton Hill to Richmond Terrace Lower, St. Philip’s

Edward Hurst
Benjamin Okey
William Beckett
George Kirby
W. P. Tapp, accountant
J. Dickenson
William Gardiner
Henry Challenger, builder
W. G. Webb, tailor & draper
Henry Watts
Charles Jefferis
Thomas Farrant, hair dresser

Thomas Derman, vict, Richmond Hotel (pub) 1871 – 74. Thomas Derman / 1876 – 78. Elizabeth Derman / 1879. Frederick Watts / 1882 – 83. J. Chivers / 1885. William Shinner 1888 – 94. George Bates Ody / 1899. George Rogers / 1906. Walter Winson / 1909. Edward Davison / 1914 – 35. Albert Turner 1937 – 38. Ivy May James.

Richmond Terrace (Lower), Richmond Road to Richmond Terrace Upper

Richmond Terrace, Woolcott Park

2. Robert Hoskins
4. William Strong
6. John Parkins, tiler & plasterer
7. James Hosay
8. T. F. Witt, tailor & draper

Richmond Villas, Springfield Road, Kingsdown

Riddle’s Court, Avon Street, St. Philips

Ring’s Buildings, Pipe Lane, Temple

River Court, New Street, St. Philip’s

River Street, Frome Bridge to New Street

www.flickr.com/photos/qmh/3049603345/

John Robert Turner, glue manufacturer
George Tredwell
Charles Smith, oil merchant
India Blue Co. (Smith and Gregory)
Harris and Bidgood
William Jones, tanner & leather factor

River’s Cottages, Upper Clifton Hill

Roach Court, Queen Street, Castle Street

Roach’s Buildings, Upper Easton

6. Mrs Elizabeth Roach, brick maker

Robert Street, Barton Hill to Chancery Street

Thomas Silvey, labourer (bankrupt 1869)

Robin Hood Lane, St. Michael’s Hill to Horfield Road

www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2060447266

Rock Court, Berkeley Place

www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/2042541259

Rock Court, Quarry, Durdham Down

Rock Place, Quarry, Durdham Down

Rockleaze, Stoke Bishop

Rodney Cottages, Rodney Place

Rodney Place, the Quadrant to Clifton Down

Roger’s Buildings, Church Lane, Temple

Rookery, Ashley Road

Ropewalk, Canons Marsh

Ropewalk, Narrow Weir to Frome Bridge

Rose Alley, Rose Street

Rose Street, Great Gardens

Great Gardens Rose Street: was established in 1811 when a Jewish businessman set aside part of his land for use as a burial ground. The land was purchased by the Great Western Railway in 1913. In 1924 27 remaining tombstones were removed and erected in the Jewish Ridgeway cemetery. Ridgeway, Eastville: was established in the 1890’s and the first burial there was in 1898. The cemetery continues in use today.

Edmund White, grocer
Henry Godfrey, baker
Isaac Long, grocer
Wesleyan Chapel and School

James Egginton, vict, Cherry Tree (pub) 1847. J. Hillier / 1848. James Poor / 1851 – 56. William Poor / 1863. James Poor / 1868 – 79. James Eggington 1881 – 83. John Berryman / 1885 – 86. Mary Small / 1887 – 92. William Hawkins / 1896. Hamilton Emery / 1899. Henry Small 1901. Catherine Ditchett /1904. Charles Fishlock / 1906 – 09. Albert Church / 1913 to 1935. Hannah M. Ball 1936 to 1937. Daisy Kate Ball / 1937 – 38. Sidney Price / 1944 – 50. Terence Lyons / 1953. Henry Withey / 1960. A. J. Hall 1975. R. J. Wyatt.

Rosemary Street, Broadmead

www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2056191381

John Lawrence, builder & undertaker
Samuel Arthur
George Johnson
Thomas Binchom
David Smith
Friend’s Meeting House
Sarah Bowyer, greengrocer
Thomas Lewis, grocer
John Lewis
Isaac Singer, carpenter
www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2059561503
Thomas Lewis, pork butcher
James Richards
George Luce
John Gardner, greengrocer
Patrick Scammell, bakers’ peel maker
Elizabeth Cousins, confectioner
John Baker, carpenter
John Wintle, funeral carriage & bus proprietor
Richard Harford, cabinet maker
John Spencer, grocer
Henry Matthews, wholesale druggist

Joseph Ogborne, vict, Crown & Anchor (pub) 1853 – 54 Robert Upton / 1855 – 56 Mary Upton / 1858 Edwin Cook / 1861 – 63 Frederick Hill / 1867 – 74 Joseph Ogborne 1875 to 1877 J. Daniel / 1878 S. Daniel / 1881 – 88 Albert Showering / 1889 – 92 Constantine Showering 1894 – 97 Elizabeth Showering / 1899 George Mitchell / 1900 to 1901 James Burge / 1901 George Fothergill / 1904 James Nelson 1906 Henry Hawley / 1909 – 14 Lillie Wride / 1921 Walter Onion / 1925 Francis Clutterbuck / 1928 Clara Davis / 1931 David Thomas.

Alfred Pain, vict, Anchor (pub) 1816 – 20 Charles Williams / 1822 – 26 William Mullins / 1828 – 33 William Lewis / 1834 Richard Williams / 1837 John Young 1839 – 48 Robert Upton / 1849 George Upton / 1851 – 52 Harriet Morgan / 1853 Henry Moore / 1853 Henry Barber / 1854 J. Howes 1855 Henry Frampton / 1857 Mary Frost / 1858 to 1860 Nathaniel Brown / 1861 William Antney / 1863 James Meredith 1866 Joseph Whippie / 1867 George Sainsbury / 1868 Alfred Pegler / 1871 Alfred Pain / 1871 – 72 Mary Clark 1874 William Robins Lovell / 1875 Thomas Brice / 1876 P. Griffin / 1877 to 1878 E. Barter / 1879 Thomas Daymond / 1880 Joseph Gould 1881 to 1886 John Day / 1887 to 1888 William Simmonds / 1889 to 1891 James Withall / 1892 William Dunn / 1894 Thomas Corcoran 1896 Charles Holley / 1897 to 1901 Annie Holley / 1902 – 04 Minnie Cleaves / 1906 Joseph D’Arc.

Queen Adelaide (pub) Rosemary Street 1832 Isaac Rogers.

Carpenter’s Arms (pub) Rosemary Street 1841 to 1850 David Wookey.

John Cottrell, beer retailer, vict, Barrel Lamp (pub) John Cottrell was also a horn, glue & metal merchant. 1856 Lewis Moore / 1863 – 68 George Hurford / 1871 – 83 John Cottrell / 1885 – 88 George Ponsford / 1893 Charles Allen 1896 – 1902 Samuel Forster / 1904 Charles Hewys / 1906 – 09 Samuel Suller.

Rosemont, Ninetree Hill

Rosemont Terrace, Hotwell Road, near Clifton Wood Terrace

Charles Shipway
Henry J. Hall
Edward R. Gingell
Samuel Taylor
Joseph Weedon
Thomas Jones, smith
Samuel W. Gilmore
William H. Blanchard
John Hunt
Hannah Gibson, milliner & dressmaker
Henry Nicholls

Rowley Place, Chatterton Square, Bath Parade

Rownham Place, Cumberland Basin

George Perrin, tobacconist
Charles Kington, baker and grocer
Mrs Mary Redhead, lodging house
George E. Summers, French polisher & upholsterer
John Down
William H. Nurse, greengrocer
William Bennett, baker & confectioner
Hugh McKenna, grocer & provision dealer
Robert Padfield, grocer & tea-dealer
Robert Williams, greengrocer
James Townsend, butcher
John Parsley, boot maker
William Watkins, Charlton house
Richard Pike, tailor and draper
Henry Marshall, fly proprietor

(Gloucester Terrace)

Thomas Gardiner. general dealer
John Finnimore, fly proprietor
Recruiting Office

Mrs M. A. Cowham, vict, London Tavern (pub) 1861 – 82. Mary Ann Cowhan.

William Slaymaker, vict, Swansea Arms (pub) 1848 – 57. William Jones / 1861. Jane Davies / 1863 – 66. George Atwell / 1867. William Purdy 1868 – 69. Joseph Millier / 1871 – 83. William Slaymaker / 1885 – 87. Sidney Sturgis / 1889 – 99. Edward Bellamy 1901 – 09. Mary Bellamy / 1914. William King / 1917 – 35. Edith Gertrude King / 1937 – 53. Carl Hall.

George Talbot, vict, Horse and Groom (pub) 1837 – 44. Robert Chapple / 1848 – 54. J. Harwell / 1867 – 79. George Talbot.

John Hancox, vict, Stork Hotel (pub) Gloucester Terrace. 1871 – 77. John Hancox / 1878. N. B. Calder / 1879. Mrs. B. C. Calder / 1882 – 87. Felix Davies / 1889 – 91. Frederick Davis 1892 – 96. Mary Jane Gilshenan / 1899 – 1906. William Newman / 1909 – 14. Frederick Bennett / 1917. A. C. Clark & Co.

Edward Chappell, vict, Gloster Hotel Tap (pub) Gloucester Terrace. 1837 – 44. Francis Evans / 1848 – 49. George Badcock / 1851. Robert Chapple / 1853 – 59. Hannah Chapple 1860 – 75. Edward Chapple /1877 – 89. William Chapple.

Rownham Road, Hotwells

Royal Colonnade, Gt. George Street, Park Street

Royal Fort, St. Michael‘s Hill

The Children’s Hospital – Mark Whitwill, treasurer. Mark Whitwill lived at Linthorpe Redland from 1892 until moving to Queen’s Square in 1898. Whitwill was a second generation ship owner and broker, but also a much beloved figure in Bristol as a result of his philanthropy and public works. He was best known for establishing the Children’s Hospital on nearby St. Michael’s Hill in 1866, earning him the title of ‘the children’s friend’. www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/2052129423/

Rev. Henry I. Roper, M.A. Royal Fort
Mrs Tyndall
Mrs Arabella Atkinson, Manor house
Mrs Eliza Hunt, Royal Fort
George Beer, Ivy cottage

Royal Fort Road, St. Michael’s Hill to Royal Fort

John Stephens
Mrs Gardiner
Francis George, cabinet maker
Sarah Ann Meaker
William Claxton, professor of music
William Barnard
The Home – Matron, Miss Bell
William H. Brison
Elbridge’s School for Girls – Patron, Rev. Canon Knight. Mistress, Miss Cartwright

John Elbridge was born at Pemaquid, or Pinequid, in the eastern part of New England, the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Elbridge, who were early settlers there. The family later moved to Essex, Massachusetts. At the age of twelve he was sent with his sister Elizabeth to live with his cousin Thomas Moore, Controller of the Customs in Bristol. John eventually succeeded him in the post, and kept it until his death in 1739. In addition to this he was one of the founders of the Bristol Royal Infirmary in January 1736/7, was chosen as its first treasurer, and spent huge sums of his own money on its initial equipment and upkeep, as well as purchasing premises in Earl Street for it. At his death he left a legacy of £5,000 to the Infirmary. He also founded a school for 24 girls at the Royal Fort, St. Michael’s Hill, and endowed that with a £3,000 legacy. He was one of Bristol’s greater philanthropists, and has consistently received far less acclaim than is his due. His remarkable talent for making money from businrade is only matched by his liberal charity.

Royal Oak Avenue, Queen Square to Prince Street

Royal Park, Victoria Square, Clifton

Mrs Forbes
Edwin Ward Jackson
Thomas Parr
Rev. Richard W. Southby
George Jackson
Mrs Jesse Cotton
John Churchill
Mrs Stockley
?. Crocker
Mrs M. Brooke, Roslin house
Mrs Ursula Coates
Dr. Charles Robins Maxwell
Mrs Sanderson
Mrs Jemima Mary Mirrlees, Fairlight villa
W. Terry
William Lee
Joseph Sibley, fly proprietor

Royal Promenade, Victoria Square, Clifton

Royal Promenade, Queen’s Road, top of Park Street

Royal York Crescent, Regent Street to Prince’s Buildings

www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2061713849

1. Thomas P. Jose
2. Harry Augustus Brett
3. Mrs Garrington
5. Mrs Maylett, lodging house
Mrs Lloyd
Mrs Hutton
6. Rev. Ralph Bourne Baker
7. Mrs Ann Reid
8. Rev Charles Ellicott
9. Henry Fielding
10. Thomas Stephings
11. Charles F. Sage
12. Rev. Thomas P. Richardson
13. Misses Brackenridge
14. Mrs General Darby
15. Rev. James E. Nash
16. Mrs Atkinson
17. ?. Walsford
18. George Stacey, lodging house
19. Captain Robertson
20. Mrs Powell
21. Charles Vernon
22. General Errington
23. Mrs Julia Parr
24. Alfred Rouch, lodging house
25. Sir Abraham Roberts, K.C.B. (Order of the Bath)
27-28 William D. King, lodging house
29. James Marmont
30. Thomas Ashton
31. Mrs Hubert, ladies’ school
32. Mrs Call, lodging house
33. Hugh O‘Donnell, lodging house
34-36 Auguste L’Croy
37. William Blizzard, lodging house
38. Mrs Studley, lodging house
Miss Williams
39. Very Rev. Gilbert Elliott, D.D. Dean of Bristol
40. William Griffiths, lodging house
41. Lady Haberfield – The property was formerly known as 13 Victoria Street and was built on part of the back garden of 41 Royal York Crescent, to which the oldest deeds refer.

42. Frederick L’Estrange
43. Mrs Taylor
44. Thomas Wildman Goodwyn
46. Thomas Allchurch, lodging house
Mrs Tritton
47. Rev. William D. V. Duncombe
Mrs Duncombe
48. Mrs Ann Harding, lodging house
C. Gore King, surgeon
49. Thomas G. Barretti, surgeon
50. Mrs Thomas, lodging house
51. Miss E. and M. Clark, library
52. Giles and Son, chemists

Roydon Villas, Alma Road, Clifton

Ruffett Court, Rosemary Street

Rupert Place, Temple Street

Rupert Street, Christmas Street to Stone Bridge

www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2034636424

Hannah Toleman, newsagent
William Butcher, drain pipe & earthenware dealer
Jacob Dove, leather merchant
Waterman & Co. wholesale boot manufacturers

Henry Mills Price, vict, Prince Rupert (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page56.html

Russ Street, Upper Cheese Lane to Bread Street

Russell Court, 37, Thomas Street

Russell Court, Lawrence Hill

Russell Place, York Road Montpelier, near Picton Street

Russell Street, Redcliff Mead Lane

William Morgan, vict, Cooper’s Arms (pub) William Morgan was a cooper by trade. 1861- 75. William Morgan / 1876 – 78. Eliza Fisher / 1881 – 91. William Hillman / 1892 – 99. Albina Hillman / 1901. Henry Owen 1906. Stephen Bush / 1909. Sarah Rebecca Allen.

Russell Street, Stapleton Road

Russell Terrace, Southville, Coronation Road

1. Thomas Hemmons
2. William Darsley
3. John Sargeant

Russell Terrace, Richmond Road, Montpelier

Russell’s Fields, Bishopston

Ruysdael Place, back of Triangle, Clifton

William Read, teacher of piano-forte
William Read, grocer & china dealer
Henry A. Wickham, draper and hosier
Sarah and C. Ward, dressmakers
Thomas Withers, mason
Charles Harwood. dentist
Robert Simmons
T. Young, house decorator
Thomas Seed, photographer
Mrs Thomas, Tabor’s register office
W. S. Edbrooke, brightsmith
John Ellis
Francis Baskerville
William King
King Brothers, carpenters
Henry H. Wilkes, ladies & children’s outfitter
James & Son, furniture brokers

Rydal Terrace, Redland Park

William Fraser
Robert John Hancock
Mrs J. Gascoyne
Robert Hall Warren, Brunswick house

SA – SQ – Bristol Street Directory 1871

Q – Historical Bristol Street Directory 1871
metal milling parts made in china
Image by brizzle born and bred
Mathews’ Bristol Street Directory 1871

Quadrant, Victoria Street, Clifton

Quakers Friars, Merchant Street

Quarry, Durdham Down

Quarry Steps, Durdham Down

Quay, Stone Bridge to Drawbridge

Annetta Hutchings, vinegar & spirit dealer
Kemball and Powell, agents to Coope & Co
Earnest George Lorymer
Edward Theodore Bullock, agent to Bass & Co. – sack depot
Sylvanus Hunt, provision merchant
Alfred Albert Holmes, corn merchant
Thmas James Marshall, agent to Manders and Co. porter brewers
George Edward Taylor, leather merchant
West of England Coal Co. – manager G. Cox
J. N. Rickards
Coalbrookdale Co. ironfoundrs
Jonathan Smith & Co. wholesale grocers
John Shaw, printer
?. Parker, wine merchant
Poole Brothers, coal merchants

George Hurcum, vict, White Lion (pub) In 1888 the pub was rebuilt, costing Ushers £212. bristolslostpubs.eu/page74.html

Quay, (Broad), Drawbridge to Narrow Quay

George Sprackett, chemist
Dunlop, Mackie & Co, wine & spirit merchants
Christopher Polkington, insurance agent
W. Underwood, engraver
F. Rumley, architect
Burge & Co. iron merchants
Hill and Price, opticians, etc
James Horlick, bread & biscuit baker
George Blackmore, boot maker
Ludlow & Co. wholesale wine & spirit merchants
William Hawkes, ship chandler
Joshua Le Ray, ship broker
W. G. Warne, agent for Bideford & Barnstaple steamers
Henry B. Willett, engraver
George Rogers, outfitter
Henry Lockyer
William Byrt, cooper
Thomas K. Dredge, Temperance Dining rooms
William Langford, nautical instrument maker
Myer Isaacs, outfitter in oilskins
Cipriano Denova, tailor
Charles Van-Dam, tobacconist
Henry Fitzgerald, house & ships joiner
James Speller, temperance hotel
John Cole, tobacconist
Charles Pitt, chemist
Edwin Leach, watch maker
Jacob Ash, boot maker
H. H. Bartlett, ship portrait painter
Joseph Williams, outfitter
John Burrows, boot maker
Newman and Somers, cabinet makers

Lewis Bizley, vict, Sedan Chair (pub) Known as Dunlop’s for most of the 1960’s and 70’s the Sedan Chair has suffered several more name changes over the last few years and is now closed. bristolslostpubs.eu/page62.html

Fred Payne, vict, Champion of Wales (pub) 1755 Thomas Dodderidge / 1762 Bar. Augustine / 1775 Mary Tomkins / 1792 – 94 Rachel Organ / 1800 Joseph Powell 1806 John Finch / 1816 Sarah Murdock / 1820 – 31 Richard Badham / 1832 – 44 Joseph Bright / 1847 – 51 Martha Bright 1851 to 1857 John Dyer / 1858 to 1859 Elizabeth Leaker / 1860 J. King / 1863 – 65 Mary Berry / 1866 to 1867 Francis Quartly 1868 to 1877 Frederick Payne / 1878 to 1887 James Dent / 1888 – 89 Henry Cuff / 1891 Thomas Read / 1892 to 1896 Joseph Puddy 1897 – 99 Frederick Brookman / 1901 – 14 William J. Beavis / 1917 – 28 Samuel Tovey / 1931 – 38 Thomas Smith / 1944 James King 1950 John Paul / 1953 Reginald Prior.

William Arthur, vict, Barnstaple Arms (pub) previously named the Wellington. 1857 – 61 Hugh Pollard / 1863 Robert Hugh Pollard / 1865 R. Horsington / 1866 to 1867 Margaret Horsington /1868 Richard Silk 1869 to 1871 William Arthur / 1872 Edward Williams / 1874 – 78 Carlos Ferrer.

Thomas Green, vict, Gloucester House Tavern (pub) 1822 John Edmonds / 1823 Deborah Landers / 1826 J. Bastow / 1828 G. Gulley / 1830 – 32 Charles Hillier / 1833 Richard Bendon 1834 George Tavener / 1837 – 40 Henry Matthews / 1844 – 47 David Thomas / 1848 – 49 Robert Burns / 1851 – 60 Thomas Head 1863 – 71 Thomas Green / 1872 to 1878 Vincent Casella / 1879 William Wallace.

Dennis Rees, vict, Cornish Mount (pub) 1752 – 55 Richard Compton / 1794 Robert Roe / 1806 Mary Lewis / 1816 James Cottell / 1820 – 26 James Cox / 1828 John Kerby 1830 – 31 James Hartland / 1832 George Paris / 1833 Timothy Furlonger / 1834 Joshua Tavener / 1837 C. Spence 1839 – 40 John Medlam / 1842 James Boxwell / 1844 L. Shilabee / 1847 – 49 David Price / 1851 – 52 John Perry / 1853 – 55 Ann Price 1856 – 58 Ann Rees / 1860 – 79 Dennis Rees / 1881 – 88 Mary Rees. John Medlam also traded as a cider merchant just up the road in Sedan Chair Passage.

Richard Wilson Silk, vict, Garrick’s Head (pub) No.62 Broad Quay (No.22 from around 1904). Previously the St.Patrick’s Tavern, the Garrick’s Head was rebuilt in 1890 and was demolished in 1978 to make way for an extension to the Bristol & West building. The architect of the Garrick’s Head was Edward Gabriel who also designed the Cambridge Arms in Redland and the Pilgrim, Brislington. In 1828, John Fisher is listed as: ‘waterproof hat maker and wholesale & retail spirit dealer, (home brewed beer). bristolslostpubs.eu/page32.html

John Flint, vict, Bell (pub) 1806 William Smith / 1816 – 37 William Leaker / 1840 – 52 Richard Power / 1853 to 1856 John O’Connor / 1857 to 1859 Mary Ann Power 1860 – 63 Charles Townsend / 1865 – 66 William Lancaster / 1867 to 1868 Richard Bellamy / 1869 Frank Beard / 1871 John Flint 1871 Thomas Carey / 1874 – 78 William Carey / 1879 – 80 Jeremiah Searle / 1882 James Blake / 1883 James Poolman.

Quay, (Narrow) Broad Quay to Grove

Tratman Brothers, ship chandlers (later Tratman & Lowther Ltd) the Bristol firm of ships stores merchants and sailmakers, are buried deep in the days when the city’s waterfront stretched far into what is now the traffic-congested, garden-decked Centre. www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2132334171

Hickman and Son, corn merchants
George Nash, shlp chandler
John Poole, tailor
Hayle Steam Packet Office – agent, Thomas Bax
James Creswell Wall, railway agent
Midland Railway Co. F. S. Toplis agent
Alfred Pearce, provision merchant
Thomas Dallin, sail and ship colors maker
George A. Cates, engineer
Swansea steam packet office – J. W. Pockett
M. J . F. & A. Alexander, commission merchants & ship agents
John Pickford, block & mast maker
James Lush, sack depot
James Fowler, metal agent. Farr’s lane
Jacob Wallington & Sons, printers
Charles Gane, corn merchant
John W. Egerton, Levant merchant
Henry Fitzgerald, block maker
G. M. Hope & Co., ale & porter merchants
Emmanuel Wait, sail maker
George Dawson, Eagle Hotel

George Townsend, vict, Brandy Cask (pub) On the corner with Alderskey Lane, part of the site cleared to make way for the C.W.S. Building around 1901. George Poole was a Master Mariner and licensed victualler. bristolslostpubs.eu/page19.html

Elizabeth Rees, vict, Ship and Pilot Boat (pub) 1794 Sarah Sturling / 1806 William Black / 1816 – 23 John Welch / 1826 Richard Briffet / 1830 – 40 James Whatley 1842 George Barratt / 1842 – 44 George Marsh / 1847 James Burrows / 1848 to 1867 John Carter (capt) / 1868 – 72 Elizabeth Rees 1875 Theodore Meyer / 1876 to 1878 William Robert Brooks / 1879 Robert Thomas / 1882 Mary Tannahill / 1883 – 87 Charlie Pfeiffer 1888 – 89 George Woodland / 1891 William Keynton / 1894 William Thomas / 1896 Jane Thomas / 1897 William Bowden 1899 – 1901 William Lucy / 1904 Helena Lucy / 1906 James Price / 1909 George Apperley / 1914 – 17 Cesare Jacomelli 1921 William Howe / 1922 – 28 Samuel George Handford / 1931 – 38 Beatrice Handford / 1939 Philip John Smith.

Patrick Gorey, vict, Goat in Armour (pub) Between Alderskey Lane and Currant Lane, this area was cleared in 1901 to make way for the C.W.S. building which has since been demolished and replaced with an office block. When the Goat in Armour closed, Shadrach Potter moved to the Pioneer, in Keynsham. bristolslostpubs.eu/page34.html

Richard Thomas, vict, Old Port Tavern (pub) Between Currant Lane and Assembly Rooms Lane, pictured here in the 1890’s this pub was long gone when the extension to the C.W.S. was built on the site in 1959. Later on this site was an office block occupied by Burges-Salmon. bristolslostpubs.eu/page49.html

Sarah Langdon, vict, West India Tavern (pub) 1826 Mary Corcoran / 1828 Thomas Lovering / 1863 Thomas Price / 1865 George Morrall / 1866 Henry Hallett / 1867 Robert Waters 1868 W. Galesworthy / 1869 – 79 Sarah Langdon / 1882 J. Bullock / 1883 James Morgan.

Quay Street, Stone Bridge to Nelson Street

Johnston & Fry, bed & mattress maker

(Rupert Chambers)

Godwin and Crisp, architects
Charles Underwood, architect
E. G. Bompas, architect
T. Phillips
Loxton and Craik, surveyors, etc
Worth and James, wine merchants
William Baylis, watch maker
John Francis Collins, spirit vaults
Walsh & Co. wholesale clothes makers
Norcot Morley, rag merchant
Dupen & Co., wine & spirit merchants
Powell and Sons, printers
R. Gwyther, com-agent
Isaac Arrowsmith, printer, etc

Arrowsmiths of Bristol

The founder of the firm was Isaac Arrowsmith of Worcester, a leading figure in Worcester Political Union in the mid 19th century, also a founder member of Worcester Typographical Society, and a proprietor of the Worcester Chronicle.

In 1854 Isaac Arrowsmith moved to Bristol, where he entered into partnership with Hugh Evans, stationer and bookseller, of Clare Street. Their first joint venture was a penny Time Table of Steam Packets and Railways, which appeared in July 1854.

The partnership ended in 1857, when Isaac Arrowsmith moved to 11 Quay Street.

The business expanded, including a great deal of printing work for the Great Western Railway. When Isaac died in 1871 the business passed to his son James Williams Arrowsmith, who developed the publishing side of the business, with great success.

Titles published during these years included Three Men in a Boat (Jerome K. Jerome), Prisoner of Zenda (Anthony Hope) and The Diary of a Nobody (George Crossmith). J.W. Arrowsmith was also a leading figure in Bristol pubis death in 1913 his nephew, J.A. Arrowsmith-Brown succeeded to the business. Arrowsmiths were printers to Bristol University from 1877 and also carried out printing work for a large number of other Bristol establishments, including Clifton College, the Children’s Hospital and Bristol Record Society.

The publishing side of the business did however decline during the early years of this century, while the printing work has continued to flourish. In 1937 on the death of the chairman, the business passed to his nephew, R.H. Brown. Under his guidance the business, which had expanded beyond the capacity of the Quay Street premises, moved in 1954 to a modern factory in Winterstoke Road, giving ample room for further expansion and the adoption of the most advanced techniques.

Michael Clune, vict, Greyhound (pub) 1752 – 64 John Morgan / 1775 Jane Bowls / 1800 John Beaven / 1806 John Coleman / 1816 Joseph Bullock / 1820 William Jones 1823 – 28 Joseph Burrows / 1830 Elizabeth Burrows / 1831 to 1833 Robert Ross / 1834 James Seward / 1837 – 48 John Mortimer 1849 to 1868 George Mortimer / 1869 to 1874 Michael Clune / 1875 John Tilley / 1876 Ann Tilley / 1877 W. Belcher 1878 G. Attenborough / 1879 Ellen Clements / 1881 Mary Hopkins / 1882 Fanny Wise / 1883 Frederick Lovett 1885 – 86 Elizabeth Frankham / 1887 – 94 Emma Syston / 1896 Elizabeth Bucknell.

Queen Ann Street, Barton Hill

Queen Square, St Stephens and St Nicholas

Custom House
John Baker
David Davies, surgeon
Thomas Porter Jose, Danish Consulate
William Wilberforce Jose, tobacco broker
John Franklyn, attorney
Charles Turner
William Lemon
John Hassell
Henry R. James, ship broker
W. Fletcher (customs)
John Rudhall
Joseph Benden (agent to Wyke & Son)
Boutelleau & Co. Champagne Vineyard Proprietors’ Co.
George Acutt, corn merchant
Mrs. Williams, boarding house
Mrs Warton
P. S. Kenway
Chessell, Hatton, & Co. commission merchants & ship brokers
James Poole
Henry H. Cundy, lodging house
Henry Prowse, accountant
Bristol Charity Trustees office – Alfred R. Miller, secretary
W. C. Lucy & Co., corn merchants
F. Barnard, corn merchant
William Thomas Reed, sail. maker
Swan & Co. opticians
John Cox
Bristol Docks Office
Thomas Flewell
Turner, Edwards & Co., shipowners & brokers www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/9643754234
William Granger, cooper, etc
John Hellicar, merchant
John Fisher, J .P. (Justice of the Peace)
William Tapson, academy
James Hewett, grocer
William John Nicholls, lodging house
James Rowe, mariner
Sailor’s Home – superintendent, Capt. T. Hutchins
Haycroft and Pethick, merchants
F. Trobridge
J. S. Fisher & Co., corn merchants
Fanny Matthews, lodging house
Robert Houghton
Frederick Davey, marine stores
T. F. Pearse, shipbroker
G. E. Ford, shipping agent
C. W. Robins, shipping broker
Mrs Keats, boarding house
Mrs Catherine Norton
Davies Brothers corn & prov. merchants
Elizabeth Wareham
Grace Sloley, lodging house
A. L. Sully, block maker
Sophia Box
James Warren, flour mills
E. H. Morrey & Co. wine merchants
Rev. E. B. Brackenbury
George Gwinnett (customs)
Theodore Nebendahl, ship chandler
James Warren, ship biscuit baker
John G. Heaven
T. Hugh Fisher (customs)
Eliza Hood, lodging house
Edgar Stanton, U.S. Consulate
T. N. Dos Santos
Henry Smith, Phoenix house
Samuel Baker, water bailiff
Mary Gwyer
James Phillips, Sovereign Life Assurance Co.
Mary Ann Johnson, lodging house
Leonard Bruton
William Edward Shapland
John Blythe
Samuel Henry Hyde, secretary
Charles Thomas Bennett, Spanish Consulate
Ann Edmonds
John Drinkwater
William E. Bowyer, tea broker
Charles Henry Snell
Isabella G. Rae
Susan Brewer, lodging house
Thomas F. Wade, accountant
William Edkins
Miles Brothers & Co. merchants
George Room
W. H. Kemball
C. J. Areskog & Co. ship brokers
Alfred Smith Sc Co. custom house agents
Edward D. Smith, wine merchant

(Mansion House Avenue)

Evan Evans, broom dealer
Miss Lucas, milliner

(Mill Avenue)

William Blann, hoop rounder

(Grove Avenue)

Frederick Davey, stationer
Whitwill & Son, ship owners & agents www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/4629056829
Hall and Adey, provision merchants
Alfred J. Box, carpenter

(Bell Avenue)

Mary Blann
James Huckman, boot maker
George Toogood, timber yard www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2057320868

Queen Square Avenue, Queen Square to the Back

Queen Street, 62, Castle Street to Passage Street

Margaret Ford
James Curry, tiler & plasterer
Edward Crawford, scale-beam maker
Pendock Brothers, Wharf house
Richard Balding
David Woolcock, paper hanger
Purnell, Webb, & Co. vinegar works
Matthew Hale, Queen St. Sugar House

Robert Lovell, box and scale-board maker & cooper, vict, Jolly Metre (pub) (Castle Precinct, St.Peter’s) 1794. Elizabeth Herapath / 1816 – 22. Abraham Newton / 1823 – 34. Samuel Bailey / 1837 – 48. Mark Oatway / 1849. J. Wilkins 1851. William Pring / 1853 – 61. Robert Burnell / 1863 Thomas Burnell / 1865 – 78. Robert Lovell / 1879 – 89. William Parker 1891. George Mills / 1892 – 96. William John Windows / 1897 – 1906. William Alfred Lloyd.

George E. Pearce, vict, Bath Barge (pub) (Castle Precinct, St.Peter’s) 1775. Thomas Palmer / 1820 – 22. Sarah Bishop / 1823. Benjamin Williams / 1826. E. Williams / 1828. Joseph Mathias 1830 – 34. William Burbidge / 1837 – 56. John Chapman / 1857 – 69. Robert H. Pring / 1871 – 72. George Pearce 1874 – 76. George Charles Thorne / 1877 – 78. George Gillard / 1879 to 1887. Edward Gillard / 1888 to 1891. Edward Parkhouse 1892 – 97. Richard Williams / 1899 – 1901. William Smith / 1904. Arthur Hudd / 1906 – 09. Levi Barrett.

Queen Elizabeth Place, Folly Lane

Queen Street, Christmas Steps

Queen Street, Regent Road to Coronation Road

John Eastman
T. H. Lethbridge
Miss Dodge

Absalom Deacon, beer retailer, vict, Queen Adelaide (pub) 1837 – 44. John Selway / 1847 – 57. Margaret Selway / 1860. J. Turner / 1863 – 69. Mary Bennett / 1871 – 82. Absalom Deacon 1883 to 1885. Susan Deacon / 1886 to 1887. Richard Scobell / 1888 – 99. Tom Searle / 1901. Annie Atkins / 1904 – 06. John Atkins 1909 – 21. Frank Horsey.

Queen Street, (New) Whitehouse Street

Charles Dashfield, grocer
John Parker, beer retailer

Cape Horn (pub) New Queen Street. 1871 – 72. Thomas Walker / 1874 – 77. William Marshall / 1878. Michael Casey / 1882 – 83. R. Harvey / 1886. Frederick Rhymes 1887. Alfred Day / 1888 – 89. Elizabeth Ann Hollisey / 1891. Ann Pardy / 1892. John Bell / 1899. George Webley.

James Filer, beer retailer, vict, Queen’s Head (pub) New Queen Street. 1871 – 72. Thomas Walker / 1874 – 89. James Filer / 1891 – 96. Francis Bacon / 1899. William Still / 1901. Mrs. F. Still 1904 – 21. Robert Avis / 1925 – 35. Ernest Freebury / 1937 – 38. Elizabeth Freebury / 1938 – 44. Thomas Sparkes 1949 – 50. Albert Edward Bennett / 1953. Ivy Bennett.

John Bryant, vict, Robin Hood (pub) 1867 – 77. John Bryant / 1878 – 83. Jane Bryant.

Queen’s Head Court, Redcliff Street

Queen’s Parade, top of Brandon Steep, Brandon Hill

John Barrett, professor of music
Thomas Cade, veterinary surgeon
John Ullathorne, accountant
Thomas Player
Joseph Albert Ayre
James Fawn
James Anderson
Thomas Coulsting
John Hall
Joseph Benjamin
Mary Widdicombe
William Thatcher, police inspector
Prudence Knowles
George Barrett, organist
James French

Queen’s Parade, Stapleton Road

Queen’s Road, top of Park Street to Victoria Square

Blind Asylum Chapel

Head Quarters of 1st Gloucestershire Rifle Volunteers, Major Bush; sec. Charles Abbots Peters. In 1859, the 1st and 2nd Gloucestershire City of Bristol Rifle Volunteers were formed, both having links with many of the Volunteer Corps formed during 1797 and 1814.

Bristol Library, librarian, John Taylor
Rifle Drill Hall
Racquet Court – manager Joseph Jefferies
Gymnasium – manager T. Elliott
Daniel Baskerville & Son, nurserymen

(Royal Promenade)

Charles William Allen, photo artist
Miss Martin, milliner
Jeffery and Co. tailors
Kerslake & Co, booksellers & binders
Charles Way, artist’s repository
M. Guttenburg
H. France, bookseller and stationer
John Palmer, ironmonger
George Webber, hairdresser
Alfred Ashmead, ironmonger
Thomas G. Mundy, glass & china dealer
F. Knight, linen draper
Charles Wornell, bookseller
William Henry Collins, chemist
Philip J. Smith, music warehouse
William Bateman Reed, builder, Queen’s villa
Queen’s Hotel, William Bateman Reed
Victoria Rooms www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2060945390
Cyrus Voss Bark, photographer, Strathearn house

(Chesterfield Place)

Miss Makeig, private boarding house
G. S. Williams, surgeon-dentist
Augustin Prichard, surgeon
Lewis Solomon, Tortworth villa
Philip R. Slelman,F.R.C.S, Montrose house

(Richmond Terrace)

Thomas Sherwood Smith, Herbert villa
Fulke L. W. Barnard, Goodwood villa
Henry Vines, photographer, Glencairn villa
Mrs Ellen Gilmore, Nelson lodge
Joseph Henry Smith, Waterloo villa
Arthur Baker, Park house

(Triangle)

Hatch & Co., hosiers & outfitters
Walter Rendell, grocer
Mrs W. Baker, millinery rooms
E. J. Gibbons, Berlin depot
W. Chatterton Dix, printseller & art dealer
Edwin Wheeler, chemist
William Neild, old bookseller
E. & M. Head, stay & bandage makers
Houston & Burgess, milliners
John S. Williams, watchmaker
N. Ennel, photographer
Mrs A. Wills, teacher of music
R. W. Bingham, bookseller
Mesdames Jones, milliners
Mrs Kernick, dressmaker
Miss Smith, school
Edward Cox, haberdasher
A. Charbonnier, naturalist
A. Mountsteven, dressmaker
Joseph Fisher, fringe manufacturer
Benjamin Goodenough, boot maker
John Frost, artists’ colorman
Alfred Hodder, chemist www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/2061622009
Charles Way, artists’ colourman
Henry E. Penny, draper, etc
Railway Co’s office, Charles Blake
G. J. Ayre, fishmonger
John Maisey, trunk maker
William Charles Crew, cabinet maker
Daniel Baskerville & Son, nurserymen
William B. Payne, watch-maker
Robertson, Pitt, & Co. umbrella makers
E. Harper, ladies’ outfitters
E. H. Weeks, confectioner
Smith & Son, greengrocers
Miss Eyles, picture frame maker
Robertson, Pitt & Co. importer of cigars
?. Young, toy warehouse
Henry Butterworth, working jeweller
Cima and Jacomelli, confectioners
Charles Bowdich, boot maker
Charles H. Bedingfield, tobacconist
Thomas Sherwood Smith, house agent

Quiet Woman’s Court, Temple Street

RA – RE – Bristol Street Directory 1871

CA – Historical Bristol Street Directory 1871
metal milling parts made in china
Image by brizzle born and bred
Mathews’ Bristol Street Directory 1871

Caledonia Place, Sion Hiil to Mall Buildings, Clifton

Mrs Thomas Butterworth
Cooper Reade, surgeon
Mary Powell, lodging house
Jesse Peachey, lodging house
Mrs. Watley
Mrs Luxmore
Misses Davey
Robert H. Rickards
William Cross, surgeon
Julius Miles
John M. Walcot
Mrs S. Howe
Mrs J . M. Cholmeley
Mrs Sarah Woodley
Mrs Whish –
Miss Farleigh, lodging house
William Adams, lodging house
C. J . Rumbold
Henry Thomas Bridges
Samuel Cryer, lodging house
Mrs Povey, lodging house
Mrs General Roberts
George Young, lodging house
Miss May
Miss Taverner
Mrs H. Forsyth
Rev. Ralph Lambton Hopper, MA.
Miss Payton Sadler
John Southwood
Jean Van Houtrive
Mrs Elizabeth Brown
Dr. Henry Marshall
Mrs Henry Seymour
Miss Burrow, lodging house
Col. Saville

Callowhill Street, Leek Lane, Milk Street to Clark Street

William Penn the founder of Pennsylvania married Hannah Callowhill.

Leek Lane connecting Broadmead and Milk Street (which ran from Horsefair to Newfoundland Street).

The site is now covered by the part of the Broadmead shopping centre that is adjacent to Cabot Circus.

C. Hart, baker
William Higgins, boot maker
Thomas Hill, vict, the Apollo (pub)
Elizabeth Jones, vict, Prince of Wales (pub)

Prince of Wales, Callowhill Street

1868 Mary Ann Roberts / 1869 John Jones / 1871 – 72 Elizabeth Jones / 1874 James Willey / 1875 Thomas Morgan / 1876 Henry Tucker 1877 – 79 William Hacker / 1882 – 83 Henry Hathway / 1885 – 89 Thomas Hill / 1891 Eliza Ann Hill / 1892 John Thomas 1896 William Burgess / 1897 – 99 Thomas Hill / 1901 Arthur Dare / 1904 W. J. Rodway / 1906 John Fitter / 1909 – 14 William Blackmor James Harding.

Cambridge Park, Redland, Durdham Down

Mrs Shuttleworth
Mrs Hussey Gould, Dorset lodge
Rev. ?. Barnes
Rev. Edward. St. Jn. Parry, Tudor house

Cambridge Place, Harley Place to Canynges Road, Clifton

Mrs O. C. Lane, Seymour villa
Miss Edwards
William Thomas Palmer
Mrs Ellis
Edmund Edmunds
Mrs Annie Bowling
Mrs Thomas Trimnell
William Richards
Mrs Mary Hume
Mrs Jane Robinson
Richard Sanders
Mrs Elizabeth Gullick
Emile Arnold Praeger, artist and engineer
Miss Le Grice, piano and singing
?. Wilkins
Mrs Carus Wilson
Mrs Margaret Keir
William Snook, lodging house
Miss A. Townsend
Miss L. Palmer

Cambridge Place, Seymour Road, Stapleton Road

See Seymour Road

Cambridge Street, Wells Road to William Street, Totterdown

William Ashton Primrose, Cambridge lodge
Thomas Powell, Raglan house
Joseph Coles, fly proprietor
Henry Young
Theodore Young
Stephen Masters
John Howell
Thomas Vicary
William Angle
John Westcott, Devonshire dairy
Phillip Levering, tea dealer
Phillip Light, carpenter
Robert Macfarlane
Richard Richards, miller

Cambridge Terrace, Cambridge Street to Richmond Street, Totterdown

George William Brackstone
John Tovey, painter
Richard Richards, draper
Thomas Pearson
Frederick Kneller
Thomas Hurford
Jos. Lowden
Mrs. Hall, ladies boarding school
John Mortimer, clerk
Henry Woodman
John Adamson
John Jarrett
James Rathbone
Charles Sibley
John Tucker, grocer & beer retailer

Cambridge Terrace, Seymour Road, Baptist Mills

See Seymour Road

Camden Cottages, Stapleton Road

See Stapleton Road

Camden Terrace, Clifton Vale to Hotwell Road

Robert Purnell, lodging house
Mrs Hannah Hitchcock
Mrs Elizabeth Carter
Robert Marks
George M. Carlisle
John Davey
Mrs Hazard
George Drummond, Channel Docks Co.
Alfred Emblin
Frank Mulleny
Capt. William Outerbridge
John Wear, accountant
Henry Jones
Peter Bull
Henry George Raymond, carpenter and contractor
Robert Williams
Mrs Mary Williams, dressmaker and milliner
John Gardiner Fraser

Camden Terrace, Guinea Street, Redcliff

www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/2060447406/

See Guinea Street

Camden Terrace, Cotham Road, South

Campbell Street, Grosvenor Road, St. Paul’s

Mrs Ann Robertson
John Waters
James Harry. Lovell, professor of music
Mrs Short
Mrs Ann Lewis
Joseph Evans Pearce
Henry Fuller Stokes, sign-writer on glass and wood
William Henry Poole
Henry Fullford
James Taylor
Tom Pusey
Thomas Dunn
Henry Wyatt
Thomas Tarr
William James Brown, com-trav
Thomas Mitchell, carpenter
Thomas Naylor
Josiah John Brain Taylor
William Gibbs
James Underhill
Joseph Norman
John Clyne

Campbell Terrace, Baptist Mills

Canning Street, Pennywell Road

Canon Place, Folly Lane, Dings

Canon Street, near London Inn, East street, to North street, Bedminster

In Cannon Street, Moses Reynolds complained of Henry Williams burning pigs and melting fat at his piggery, but nothing seems to have been done about this complaint.

In addition to the nuisance caused by deposits of filth and the close proximity of animals to houses, not least was the effect upon the environment by local industry.

In 1853 the Bristol Board of Health asked Messrs Stephen Cox and Co to discontinue the practice of burning Wet Tan at their premises in Whitehouse Street. Cornish and Parnell, solicitors for the company, maintained that the burning of Wet Tan was not a nuisance, neither did it give off any noxious or offensive odour.

Fleshings and butcher’s offal were common offenders, together with slaughterhouses. It was decided to advertise in the local press requesting all butchers and slaughterhouse keepers to register with the Board. By 1894, the following slaughterhouses were registered in Bedminster.

Charles Norris, painter
Susan Hobbs, shopkeeper
William Worgan, marine store dealer
Wm. Franklin, com-trav Eldon cottage
William Rowe, vict, London Tavern (pub)

London Inn, Cannon Street

1775. William Morgan / 1816 – 20. Thomas Lamprey / 1822. Charles Lamprey / 1823 – 30. Charlotte Lamprey 1831 – 34. Mary Clements / 1837. Charlotte Lamprey / 1839 – 42. John Abbott / 1843. Henry Williams / 1844 – 50. John Spiller 1852 – 53. John Thompson / 1854 to 1857. Joseph Bridgeman / 1858. John Wall / 1860. Jeremiah Reay / 1863 – 67. Thomas Farmer 1868 – 89. John Rowe / 1891 -1904. Aubrey Lock / 1906. Frederick Carr / 1909. Emma Carr / 1914 – 17. Harry Hopkins 1921 – 25. Charles Marr / 1928 – 31. Edward Godwin / 1935 – 38. William York / 1944 – 53. Albert Tew / 1960. E. A. Bird 1975. F. A. Hennessy.

Canon Street, St. James’s churchyard to Lower Montague St

Mrs Gay
Mrs Murdon
John Gordon, greengrocer
Benjamin Canning, cabinet maker
David Keely
Thomas Beedell
Presbyterian Night School
George Cavil, grocer
Charles Slade, vict, Canon Tavern (pub)

Cannon Tavern, Canon Street

1775 James Nowell / 1837 – 39 J. Bidgood / 1840 J. Hurbert / 1844 Maria Collier / 1847 – 48 William Jones / 1849 George Baggott 1851 Joseph Jarvis / 1853 – 56 James Fouracres / 1857 to 1859 Robert Green / 1860 – 65 Richard York / 1867 – 69 John Lewis 1871 Charles Slade / 1872 to 1877 Christopher Broom / 1878 – 79 James Kemp / 1882 – 83 Charles Lapham / 1885 Chris. A. Broome 1886 K. Scriven / 1888 George Cornish / 1891 – 93 James Hole / 1896 John Crocker / 1897 – 99 Henry Wyatt.

James Webber
Henry Street
Thomas Knill
Charles Ley
William Evans
Presbyterian School
James Porch
Evan Francis, boot maker
Richard Mountain
Thomas Bucknall
George Gillard
Mrs Walsh
?. Hall

Canons’ Marsh, Gas works to Butts

The Bristol Gas Works
William Brent
George Rogers Thomas
Jones & Nash, timber merchants
F. K. Barnes and Sons, timber merchants
James Temple and Sons, slate and marble merchants
Liverpool Steam Packet Co. – G.W.H. Evans, agent
William Baker and Co. builders
Thomas Tyley, marble works
James and William Peters, ship builders, Canons’ Marsh Graving Dock
Heber Denty, timber merchant
George H. Rains & Co. wire, hemp, rope and sail, manufacturers
Charles Roach
John Wickham
John William King
Thomas Bowyer, vict, King George (pub)

King George Tavern, Canons’ marsh

1800 Elizabeth Bevan / 1816. John Bevan / 1820. John England / 1822 – 23 George King / 1826 – 31 John Bryant 1832 – 34 Ann Thorne / 1837 – 53 William Luens / 1854 – 67 William Winter / 1868 – 72 Charles Lea / 1874 – 78 Thomas Bowyer 1879 – 89 Ellen Godfrey / 1891 – 97 Richard Hancock / 1899 Eliza Hancock / 1901 Elizabeth Nichols John England also traded as a tiler and plasterer, in Rosemary Street.

William Howell
Ford and Canning, coopers and warehousemen
George Church
Michael Clark, grocer
William Lee, builder & slate merchant

Canynge‘s Road, Harley Place, Clifton Down to Durdham Down

Charles Arthur Jacobs, livery stables
Misses Fitton, Wellington villa
James Siston
William Baker
William Powell, Norland house
Mrs E. Graham
Robert Coles
(Somerset Place – Somerset cottage)
Miss Harriet Spiring
Edward Bevan
William Beatson, M.D.
Mrs Buckingham, lodging house
Mrs Jane Waygood, lodging house
Miss Lane
Mrs A. Jameson
Charles Arthur Jacobs, riding master and livery stable keeper
John Pearce, dairyman
Mrs Hutton, Prospect house
The Misses Hendley, Somerset house
Thomas Proctor, Elmdale house
James Christopher Wilson, Farfield
Rev. Richard William Randall
Capt. Harry John Curteis, Clarendon villa
William Frederick Phillips, Coniston lodge
Alfred Newton Herapath, Penleigh villa
Charles Somerton, Norman villa
Dr. William Trotman, Energlyn
(Harley Place Lower)
Miss Catherine Burges, Enfield villa
Mrs Louisa Pryor, Litfield villa
Capt. William Philips, Salisbury lodge
Mrs John Rickards, Trafalgar villa
Samuel Worsley, Arno’s villa
William F. Trimnell, Walton lodge
Edward Taleur Salt, Cambria villa
Mrs Fanny Waters, Preston villa
Miss Fenton, St. John’s villa
Mrs Evered, Brighton lodge

Canynge Street, Portwall Lane

Named after William Canynges, whose mansion once stood in nearby Redcliffe Street.

Christopher Roberts & Co. drysalters and oil merchants

Henry Purnell, vict, Globe & Foresters (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page159.html

The Globe & Foresters was on the corner of Portwall Lane and Canynge Street. The buildings on this corner were demolished around 1980 and replaced with a car showroom.

Cann’s Court, Trenchard Street, St. Augustines

Canning Street, Pennywell Road

Canning Street was off Pennywell Road; if you were travelling North, then it was on the left just past the right fork with Goodhind Street.

Captain Carey’s Lane, Old Market Street to Ropewalk

Captain Carey’s Lane ran from Old Market to Redcross Street/Ellbroad Street and was lost when the alterations were made to construct the underpass and Old Market roundabout (Temple Way underpass). So it would have been not too far from Penn Street.

John Herbert Crates, plumber
John Thomas
John Shea, marine stores
Richard Crocker, mason
Joseph Nicholls
Thomas Robins, last maker
Russell J . Thompson, boot maker
William Cardwell
Stephen Allen, locksmith
William Tull, marine stores
Harry Bessell, mattress manufacturer
Thomas Brookes, soda water manufacturer

Carlisle Court, Thomas Street

Carlton Place, North St. Bedminster. near Hen & Chickens

Carlton Place, Victoria Street, Clifton

Carlton Place, Queen’s Road, Richmond Park, to Park Place

William Hammond, Carlton villa
Mrs Mary Elizabeth Thackery, Carlton lodge
Mrs Mary Ann Spencer, lodging house
Joseph Spencer, florist
Mrs Elizabeth Tolkein
William Leaver, lodging house
Christopher Baugh
Rev. James Charles Stafford
The Misses Cripps
Counsell & Fewings, lodging house
Mrs Shepherd
Miss Haynes
Mrs and Miss Simpson
Miss Bush
William Wilberforce Jose, Weston villa
Myles A. Clark, Carlton house
William Francis de Viemes Kane, Buxton villa
George Brittan, Albion villa

Carlton Place, Pennywell Road

Carmarthen or Grays Court, Temple Street

Carolina Avenue, Carolina Row

Carolina Row, King Square to Gay Street

Lewis James Hill
?, Strange
William Burt, tailor, etc
H. Woolford
Charlotte Hart
George Denny
Mrs Eliza Partridge
John Bowden
Thomas Durant and Son
(Carolina Avenue)
Francis William Loft
Eliza Chandler
Edwin Tucker
Charles Crocker
Samuel Lewis, agent for European Insurance Company

Caroline Row, Highland Place, Durdham Down Blackboy

George Parsons
Henry Hughes, mason
Mrs tephens
Samuel Yeeles
Francis Pillinger
Jabez Bownce
Joshua Edwards
Mrs Tudball

Caroline Place, Hotwell Road, opposite Brunswick Place

Edwin Godfrey
Mrs Wilds
Thomas Evans
James Whitlow
James Stooke
George Davis, carpenter
Mrs MacCullook, lodging house
M. Nathan, lodging house
Joseph Randall, vict, Packet House (pub)

Packet House Tavern, Caroline Place

1839 – 42. William Capper / 1848 – 49. Samuel Cross / 1851. William Court / 1853 – 69. William Davies / 1871 – 87. Joseph Randall 1893. Agnes Randall / 1899. Priscilla Hamilton / 1901 – 09. Richard Thorn / 1914. Mrs. E. Ashford / 1921. Edward Jones.

William Seville
William Wookey, coal merchant
Edward Hunt
James Cavill

Caroline Place (Little), Hotwell Road

Carpenters Court, Horsefair

Carpenters Court, Haberfield Street, St. Philips

Cart Lane, Temple Street

Carters Buildings, Portland Street, Clifton

Castle Court, Quarry, Durdham Down

Castle Green, Narrow Wine Street to Castle Street

Harry Pethybridge, vict, Odd Fellows’ Hall (pub)

Odd Fellows’ Hall, Castle Green

1863 James Walker / 1866 Alfred Dyke / 1867 Alfred Osborne / 1868 to 1876 Henry Pethybridge / 1877 E. McGill 1879 – 86 Thomas Beavis / 1887 to 1888 Walter Burridge / 1889 Ellen Elizabeth Atkinson / 1891 Harrison Leggett 1892 – 1901 George Harris / 1904 – 06 George Derbey / 1909 Walter Hale on the 25th March 1888 the Odd Fellows’ Hall was taken on a 14 year lease at a rent of £24 per annum by James Lockley, brewer of Lewin’s Mead. The lease was one of 22 sold by James Lockley to the Bristol United Breweries Limited on the 25th March 1892 for the total sum of £11,000.

G. Smith, Sutton & Co. parcel o?ice
Mrs Gitson, dress maker
Carver, Jefferis & Co. hat manufacturers
James Smith & Sons, boot & shoe manufacturers
Hellier, Wills, & Hurndall, oil, color and varnish merchants
Bristol Dispensary, W. Pollard
Thomas Glass & Co., hat and cap manufacturers
Chapel
Castle Green Day School, Masters, Thomas David Hirons and James Smalley
Methodist New Connection Chapel
James Habgood, iron & metal merchant
Stabbins & Tyler, hat & cap manufacturers
Harding & Vowles, builders
John Charley
Ann Jenkins, lodging house
Robert Williams
Henry Gregory, working silver-smith and engine turner
Mary Spring, cooper
George Popham, ironmongers
?, Pearson, hat manufacturer
James Triggs, brush maker
Edward Kent, printer
Stephen West, glazier
George Hewlett
Joseph Brunt, vict, Friendship (pub)

Friendship, Castle Green

1853 – 60 Thomas Collings / 1863 – 67 Elizabeth Collings / 1868 – 71 Joseph Brunt / 1871 Elizabeth Collings / 1872 – 89 Matilda Brunt 1891 Edward Coome / 1892 – 96 Thomas Beavis / 1899 Sarah Beavis.

Mrs Culverwell, school
James Mizen
Mary Davis
Castle Green Sunday School
Glass and Betty, hatters
James Jones, printer
Castle Green Congregational Chapel
George Thomas Harris, working jeweller
Smith & Marsh, hat manufacturers
Charles Hoskens, boot maker
Llewellins & James, coppersmiths, engineers, etc
George Henry Webber, vict, Cat & Wheel (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page22.html

On the corner with Little Peter Street, standing in 1606 the Cat & Wheel was re-built in 1900, some bits & pieces were salvaged and are now housed in the Bristol City Museum. The later building was demolished in 1969 for a new museum complex which was never built. If standing today it would be in Castle Park just opposite the entrance to the Galleries car park in Newgate. The name above the door in this picture is W.T. Beavis which dates it to around the time of the inn’s demolition.

Castle Green Terrace, Castle Green

Castle Mill Street, Merchant Street to Narrow Wine St

Emanuel Long
Edward Lockstone, chemist
Thomas Beavis, beer retailer
Thomas Barriball, leather merchant
William Somers, engraver, etc.
John Powell, butcher
J . Smith, confectioner and baker
Amelia Bayntun, refreshment house
William James, carpenter
Jane White, shopkeeper
Henry Dyer, cabinet maker
Henry G. Parnall & Sons, scale beam & weighing machine manufacturers
James & Son, boot and shoe makers
Walter Fisher, ticket-writer & printer
W. Starr, wardrobe dealer
Henry G. Bishop, vict, Castle and Mill (pub)
Robert Price, timber merchant

Castle Street, Peter Street to Old Market

John Williams, china warehouse
Henry Mundy, general ironmonger
Robert Pine, baker
John Thatcher, cabinet maker
S. C. Rossiter, linen draper
W. H. Vowles, brush & basket manufacturers
Daniel Underwood, grocer
Rd. Batten Edgeworth, ironmonger
James Rogers, boot maker
George Bragg, ironmonger
Payne & Thompson, wholesale haberdashers
Llewellins & James, brass founders
William Hadden, butcher
George Popham, dining rooms
Robert Hill, cutler
John Edwin Saunders, milliner, etc
R. King, baby linen warehouse
Edwin Parnall, sailmaker, etc
S. Wright, boot maker
Samuel Kendrick, fancy goods wholesale
J . Collins & Sons, tobacconists
Esau Callow, baker
William Edward Vaughan, dyer & scourer
Smith & Son, cabinet makers
J . Way, tobacconist
Frederick Snary, photographer
Henry Higgs, hatter
Alice Tilley, porter stores
Thomas H. Pengelly, printer
Isaacs Bros., Birmingham warehouse
William White, provision curer
William Ring & Co., grocers
A. Nicholls, Birmingham warehouse
John Saunders, clothier & outfitter
Albert H. Sage, hatter
John Howe, boot maker
A. Webb, hat manufacturer
Charles Clarke, confectioner
Mrs F. Maggs, milliner
John Wrentmore, bedding manufacturers
T. B. Reeves, beer retailer
Warren and Carle, file manufacturers
William Burton, baker
Henry Perry, pie house
Susan Davie, dairy .
Thomas H. W. Hall, confectioner
Thring & Co., grocers
Robert Salter, baker
Frederick Rees, vict, George and Dragon (pub)

George & Dragon Castle Street, corner of Queen Street

1753 John Woolfe / 1792 – 1800 Richard Cox / 1826 – 31 John Gifford / 1834. J. S. Rowe / 1837 M. Hazeldine / 1839 – 48 John Shave 1849 John Downing / 1851 Caroline Neale / 1853 – 55 William Kirk / 1856 – 60 William P. Tapp / 1863 Sarah Nichols / 1865 W. Miles 1866 William Griffiths / 1867 – 68 Richard Mallard / 1869 Frederick Clark / 1871 – 76 Frederick Rees / 1877 to 1885 Rueben Stephens 1886 – 1904 Michael Clune / 1906 James Russell / 1909 Charles Godfrey / 1914 Alfred Caines / 1917 Lily May Caines 1921 Thomas Quigley / 1925 – 28 George Tyler.

Fardon & Townshend, drysalters (Drysalters were dealers in a range of chemical products, including glue, varnish, dye and colourings)
Harry Lorymore Howell, soap manufacturers
Cowley A. Tyndall, ironmongers
A. Caird, druggist
William Hatch, boot maker
James Bessell & Sons, linen drapers
Lane & Co, wholesale stay makers
Charles Stevens, vict, Old Castle Tavern (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page47.html

The Old Castle was destroyed by bombs during the world war two, along with the rest of Castle Street and surrounding area. J W Lane, Castle Street were listed in 1870 they were trading as staymakers at the same address as the Old Castle Tavern.

Howes Bros, hat manufacturers
Prince, Son, & Holloway, undertakers
Priscilla Nott, boot maker
Thomas Gale, currrier
George Jones, hat manufacturer
Richard Fox Gee, pawnbroker
William Pingstone, basket maker
Alfred Brooks, dyer, cleaner, and furrier
John M. S. Tozer & Co. grocers
John Wilmot, carpenter
Samuel Stanmore, vict, Three Cups & Salmon (pub)

Three Cups & Salmon, Castle Street

1851 – 67 James Fisher / 1868 to 1883 Samuel Stanmore / 1885 – 89 John Clark / 1891 – 96 Arthur Chapman / 1897 Albert Sampson 1899 James Thomas / 1901 Jesse Thomas / 1904 James Attwood / 1906 William Rogers / 1909 Jessie Maxwell Taylor 1914 – 25 William Peters / 1928 – 35 Samuel Warren / 1937 – 38 Annie Warren.

James W. Pascoe, japanner, & metalworking
Thomas Lansdown Day, china dealer
Joseph Michael, pawnbroker
William Henry Cowlin, boot maker
Collins and Champion, cork cutters
Charles Jackson, boot maker
Schweppe & Co., soda water manufacturers
Keeping & Co. tobacconists
Thomas Stroud, plumber
William Hall, grocer
George William Skinner, cap manufacturers
George D. Whereat, ironmonger
Thomas Tanner, ale stores
George Edward Fear, furrier
Stopford & Co. hat manufacturers, Castle house
J . Skeates, saddler
William Skeates, jeweller
Charles Irvine, boot warehouse
Gordon & Co. clothiers & outfitters
Printers Library
Particular Baptist Meeting House
Naish & Co., mfrs. patent cotton
Lugg & Co. wholesale boot manufacturers
Webb, Fardon & Co, druggists
Charles Thomas Ovens, haberdasher
John Cory Withers, hatter
Coalbrookdale Co, iron casting warehouse
T. Harris, gasfitter
Price & Eastman, wire blind maker
H. Goldsborough, embroidery maker
William Edward Goldsbrough, tobacconist
G. Garlick, hatter
W. Jennings, draper

Castle Street (Lower), bottom of Castle Street to Broad Weir

1859 Henry Blackburn, 4 Lower Castle Street, Bristol

www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/8394767196/

Cate’s Cottages, Black Horse Lane, Clifton

Cathay, Colston Parade, Redcliff Hill to Langton Street

Being close to the river this street was possibley named in connection with trading routes to China. The once lawless and notorious district of Cathay where the Pirate Blackbeard was born and bred.

Samuel Webber, grocer
Thomas Osmond Mills, baker
William Kenvin, tailor and draper
Sarah Eve, goldsmith and jeweller
Mrs Rachel Morgan
William Coumbe
Robert Gast
Edward and James Charles, tailors, etc.
Charles Thomas
William Winter, lodging house
Henry Carey, relieving officer, registrar of births and deaths
Henry Hunt, vict, Rising Sun (pub)

Rising Sun, Cathay, Redcliff

1837 – 39. Benjamin Williams / 1840 to 1848. Sarah Williams / 1849 to 1854. George Roe / 1855. George Woolcott 1858. William Britton / 1860 – 69. Charlotte Warburton / 1871 – 77. Henry Hunt / 1878 to 1891. Joseph Hawkins 1892 – 99. Alfred Hussey / 1901. Rose Hussey / 1904 to 1922. William Spratt / 1923 to 1935. Mary Spratt 1935 to 1937. Catherine Spratt / 1938 to late 40’s. Ada Drake / 1950 – 53. Thomas Sayers part of an email sent in by Mike Meechem: Catherine Spratt followed Mary Spratt in 1935 until 1937 when my grandfather sold the pub to the Drake Family. Mrs Ada Drake was the publican until the late 1940’s. It suffered bomb damage during the war and a fire in the roof. Owing to a lack of water at the time attempts were made to control the fire with beer!!!

Charles Good, commission agent
James Jeffery
William L. Harris, marble and stone sculptor
William Banner, builder & undertaker
William W. Smith, accountant
Thomas Spurl, ship rigger
Elizabeth J . Tucker, school
Daniel Richards
William Edward Coombs, carpenter
Charles Grimsbey
Benjamin Harding, grocer, etc.
William Dyment, boot maker
John Lewis

Elizabeth Jenkins, vict, Kings Head (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page163.html On the corner with Somerset Place the King’s Head was demolished in 1959 when the area was redeveloped.

(Somerset Place)

Walter Sellick
John Holder, railway guard
Thomas Coates, bookbinder
Samuel Farley, pork butcher
Henry Page, greengrocer
Mary Hardwidge, shopkeeper
William Kinnersly, tea dealer & grocer
Martha Edwards, news-agent
James Low, baker
William Tuck, butcher
Richard Lewis, Cathay brewery
Henry Brice, butcher
Edward Robertson, carpenter & grocer
William Wreford Palmer
Charles Usher, shopkeeper
Joseph Thatcher
Benjamin Smith, vict, Ship (pub)

Ship Inn, Cathay

1775. William Wyatt / 1792. William Hughes / 1794. Edward Carter / 1800 – 06. Thomas Smith / 1816 – 23. John Harford 1826 – 34. William Gammon / 1837 – 40. John Hathaway / 1841 – 42. William Brown / 1844 – 53. George Godfrey 1854 to 1891. Benjamin Smith / 1892 – 99. Thomas Hookway Gange / 1901. Henry Hulbert / 1904 – 09. Walter Pomphrey 1914. Henry Walters / 1917 – 21. Thomas Thomas / 1925. Alfred Tapper / 1928. Joseph Glennell / 1931. Edward Sanders 1935 – 44. George Sixsmith / 1950 – 53. Lilian Sixsmith / 1960 – 62.
Dennis Roberts.

Cathay Parade, Cathay, Redcliff

Robert Atkins, accountant

Catherine Mead Row, Catherine Mead Street to Dean Lane

The following extracts from the ‘Homes of the Bristol Poor’ – published by the Bristol Mercury in 1884 – are first hand accounts of conditions prevailing in the mean streets of the time.

The great army of the poor in Catherine Mead Street, has increased, and none but those who are constantly in their homes can have any conception of the hopeless lot of many with empty rooms, blank firesides, bare cupboards and hungry children, whose bodies are scarcely covered by the few rags drawn over them.

There is a wholesome horror of the workhouse.

Catherine Place, Cheltenham Road, Stokes Croft

Catherine Street, Richmond Road to Church St, St Philip’s

H. Wright. beer retailer
Hannah Luff, beer retailer
Ellen Bryant, rope and twine maker
A. Lombardini, beer retailer
George Davis, grocer

Catherine Mead St. East St. to Dean Lane, Bedminster

Chas. Selway, baker
William Sandy, tobacconist
William Giles, grocer
Harry Gunning, tailor and draper
Rebecca Rice, vict, Catherine House (pub)

Cattle Market Road

The cattle market was established here in 1830. In 1874 the Great Western and Midland Railways boards reconstructed it.

Cave Street, Portland Square to Wilder Street

Stephen Cave, resided in Brunswick Square.

John Cave & Co. colour manufacturers were listed in 1793.

Samuel Platnaner
Thomas Jewell
Thomas Gibbs
S. Hodges
Edwin P. Green
Mrs Hawkins
Alfred Munro
Portland Training Academy, Thomas Bibbing
Alfred Sharland
Mrs Evans
John Vaughan
Benjamin T. Gough
Hemy Merry
William B. Lanham
Mary Wensley
John Thomas Chase
John P. Donovan

CH – CI – Bristol Street Directory 1871

(Post from rapid prototyping companies in china blog)