Monthly Archives: April 2017

Increasing numbers of people commence collecting N Scale Railways

Increasing numbers of people commence collecting N Scale Railways

N scale is a well-liked model railway scale/track gauge. Based upon the maker (or country), the size ranges from 1:148 to at least one:160. Some producers, for example Kato, generally produce 1:160 scale locomotives and cars. In most cases, the gauge (the length between your rails) is 9 mm (.354 in). The word N gauge refers back to the track dimensions, however in the United kingdom particularly N gauge describes single:148 scale with 9 mm (.354 in) track gauge modeling. The terms N scale and N gauge are frequently inaccurately used interchangeably, as scale is understood to be ratio or proportion from the model, and gauge only like a distance between rails. The advantage of N scale is it enables enthusiasts to construct designs that occupy less space than HO scale, or put longer track incurs the equivalent space, since the models are more compact (by nearly one half) compared to what they have been in HO scale (1:87). While N scale is very small, it’s not the littlest in a commercial sense available scale, as Z scale is more compact yet at 1:220 and T scale is 1:450 or 1:480.

N scale is recognized as generally suitable for 1:144 scale for miniature war gaming.

History

Although trains and add-ons of comparable gauge and/or scale been around as soon as 1927, modern in a commercial sense created N scale models were first released through the Arnold Company of Nuremberg in 1962. Unlike other scales and indicators, that have been p facto standards at best, within 2 yrs N scale producers defined the gauge, current, along with the height and kind of couplers. For instance Arnold developed the now ubiquitous “Rapido” coupler use a easy and robust releasable coupler design. Even though the original Arnold coupler continues to be became a member of by more functional and visually pleasing designs (see discussion below), Arnold permitted utilisation of the Rapido design by other producers and thus established a typical standard to couple together moving stock from different sources.

N scale includes a large worldwide following. Models are constructed with lots of standard gauge prototypes of all the region. N scale’s recognition is second simply to those of HO. In Japan, where space in houses is much more limited, N scale is easily the most popular scale, and HO scale is recognized as large. Not every modelers choose N simply because they have small spaces some use N scale to be able to build more complicated or even more aesthetically expansive models.

N scale around australia is becoming popular through the years. Modelers model mainly US, British and European prototypes because for any very long time the Australian market didn’t have N scale types of local prototype. The development of local prototypes has become a thriving “cottage” industry, making Australia N scale modeling popular every year.

N gauge track and components will also be combined with bigger scales particularly HOe and OO9 scale for modeling narrow gauge railways. N scale models on Z scale track are utilized to model metre gauge (Nn3). A tiny bit of 2′ industrial narrow gauge modeling in N scale using custom track is performed but you will find couple of providers of parts. Nn18 designs use T scale track and systems to represent minimum gauge railways. N scale trains and structures are frequently utilized on HO or bigger designs to produce forced perspective, or even the illusion that the object is even further away of computer really is.

Standards

Standards helpful to both producers and modelers are maintained by MOROP in Europe and also the NMRA in The United States. These standards are usually exactly the same for such elements as track gauge, scale ratio, couplings, and electrical energy and differ for clearances along with other factors which are specific towards the prototype being patterned. The wheel and track standards are however slightly incompatible and many suppliers follow neither standard simply due to this.

N scale locomotives are run by Electricity motors which accept no more than 12 V Electricity. In traditional Electricity control, the rate from the train is dependent upon the quantity of current provided towards the rails. The direction from the train is dependent upon the polarity from the energy towards the rails. Because the finish from the twentieth century, an growing quantity of fanatics have began using digital train control systems to look for the speed and direction of the trains. It has simply been thanks to surface mount technology and new motors that draw hardly any current (typically .2amps). Typically the most popular digital control systems utilized in N scale model railways are NMRA-DCC and Selectrix.

The first agreed-to plain coupling was referred to as a ‘Rapido’ coupler in the manufacturer (Arnold) this coupler have been created within license from TT-manufacturer Rokal. A lot of companies developed their very own variants of the coupler to prevent Arnold patents around the spring system. Graham Farish initially adopted a plastic flexible U as opposed to a spring, Peco used a compatible weighted coupler system (Elsie) and Fleischmann cunningly sidestepped the issue using a sprung plate. All however were compatible.

The Rapido coupler system is effective but is tough for automatic uncoupling as well as relatively large. Within the U.S., Canada and Australia it’s been largely replaced with a more realistic searching magnetic knuckle coupler, initially produced by Micro-Trains. The MT couplers (because they are known) tend to be more delicate and nearer to scale United States appearance than Rapido couplers. Also, they may be opened up with a magnet placed directly under the track. Other producers, for example Atlas and Kato, are actually making couplers that mate with Micro Trains couplers.

European modelers can convert the couplings on their own moving stock towards the Fleischmann Profi-Coupler system for additional reliable operation should they would like to achieve this, but many N scale moving stock remains manufactured with Rapido couplers – a design that is fairly robust and simple to mold. Modern N scale stock utilizes a standard NEM socket for couplers which enables different coupling designs for use simply by tugging the old coupler and fitting a replacement of the different design. Within the Uk suppliers are progressively shipping both NEM electrical sockets for couplers and buckeye (knuckle) couplers.

Variants

Within the U . s . States and Europe, types of standard gauge (1,435 mm/4 foot. 8 1/2 in) trains are made to at least one:160 scales making to ensure that they operate on N gauge track, however in another nations changes are created. Fine scale modelers also employ variants of normal N scale.

Within the Uk a scale of just one:148 can be used for in a commercial sense created models. In Japan, a scale of just one:150 can be used for that types of 3 foot. 6 in (1,067 mm) and 4 foot. 6 in (1,372 mm) in gauge trains, while a scale of just one:160 can be used for types of standard gauge Shinkansen (Bullet Train) models. Within the U.S. and Europe, a scale of just one:160 can be used for types of trains, regardless of the gauge from the real trains they’re scaly from. Many of these scales run on a single 9 mm (.354 in) track gauge (N gauge). What this means is the track is a touch too small for 1:148/1:150 however the difference is generally considered they canrrrt matter. Strict 2 mm fine scale modelers use slightly wider in most cases hands built track.

In Great Britan, some N scale models are made to “2 mm scale” for “2 mm towards the feet” which computes to some 1:152 proportion. Early N scale was also called “OOO” or “Treble-O” in mention of the O and OO and seemed to be 1:152, though to have an entirely different reason.

2 mm scale

Numerous modelers within the Uk use 2 mm scale, a more in-depth-to-scale standard than N scale. 2 mm scale, because the title suggests, is scaly at 2 mm towards the feet (1:152) having a 9.42 mm (.371 in) track gauge. Closer to scale appearance is accomplished by finer rail, flange and crossing dimensions than commercial N gauge (9 mm/.354 in) components. An alternative from the 2 mm standards can be used through the FiNe group for 1:160 scales. It uses exactly the same rail, flange and crossing dimensions as 2 mm (1:152) standards, however with a track gauge of 8.97 mm (.353 in), and corresponding decrease in back-to-back. FiNe is centered by European modelers.

OOO models

In 1961 Lone Star introduced a few of the initial (1:160) N scale models top quality as Treble–Lectric (OOO) in to the Uk. The initial die-cast metal models were push along and measured to operate on the die-cast track work getting a gauge which was nearer to 8 mm (.315 in). Coupling was using a simple loop and pin arrangement. The novelty from the “Lone Star Locos” line was so that they can found their method to the U . s . States and were offered within the toys section of major shops like J.J. Newberry.

Electrified models adopted right after. The track gauge was increased to some nominal 9 mm (.354 in) and rails were isolated with non-conductive ties (sleepers) for Electricity operation. Another coupling with different shrunken OO scale coupling was fitted. The OOO couplings and specifications have lengthy since been changed by commercial N scale producers.

Australian N scale

Australian Railways use several indicators over the states, although generally 9mm gauge track can be used. Some modelers used Z gauge track for Nn3 types of Queensland Railways. N scale modeling around australia is a cottage-industry affair, with typically small runs of

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How the Wrist Watch Started – A Brief Historical Background

cheap steel prototype
by 3DMONG

How the Wrist Watch Started – A Brief Historical Background

Wrist watches are watches that have a strap or perhaps bracelet linked to them, which enable it to be worn on the wrist. While some wrist watches merely show time, much more advanced types can display the date, year, day of the week, month, temperature, as well as GPS location, wind strength or even heart rate.

The wrist watch has been invented in the 1900s and for a long period of time was used by females. A Brazilian aviator – Alberto Santos Dumont – requested Louis Cartier, a buddy of his, to create a watch that could allow him to check the time but allow use of both hands. Cartier created a prototype and named it the Santos watch. It continued sale in 1911 and also started to be very popular during World War I when troops used them while in trenches.

John Harwood conceived the self-winding system in 1923, and over the years the wrist watch started to be a status symbol instead of just a convenient method to check the time. Watches were bought not merely because of their precision as well as convenience, but also for their looks. Numerous types of watches are today sought as collectors’ items because of their looks, or even the accuracy with which they tell the time, often taking huge amounts of money at auctions.

Today, a wristwatch is not just a device to tell time, it has rather become a status icon. This is because with the increasing reputation of mobile phones and also pagers with small clocks, the wristwatch is just used like a fashion entity instead of being an object of functionality. Nowadays, expensive watch manufacturers include Rolex, Cartier, Patek Philippe, Vacheron Constantin, Tag Heuer, and Omega. Wealthy businesspersons as well as officials are observed commonly wearing one of these brands.

The design of the wrist watch has furthermore evolved through the years. From basic pocket watches attached to ribbons, the watch went from being circular in form to more irregular designs such as rectangular or oblong. The features of the wrist watch has likewise transformed through the years as it’s no more simply utilized to tell time. Athletes have special watches that could monitor everything from heart rate to the distance they’ve run, divers can use their watches to see the level of their dive and also wrist watches now tell everything from the date and day to the temperature.

A number of of the more well-known brands of wrist watches nowadays include Casio, and particularly their G Shock brand. Watches like G Shock include many of the favorite functions, like telling the date, day, and time, and also provide added benefits, such as withstanding shocks to the watches body. This makes them more durable and less likely to get damaged while in use. The G Shock Hybrid has a steel bracelet and is particularly not just shock resistant, but also waterproof up to 200 meters, which makes it a great watch for daily wear.

Looking to find the best deal on White G-Shock, then visit Tim Caroll’s site on how to choose the best Casio G-shock Watches for your needs.

(Post from rapid prototyping companies in china blog)

Getting To Know The Playstation 3

Getting To Know The Playstation 3

The Playstation 3 game console is part of the Playstation series from Sony. It has been placed in direct competition with other seventh generation gaming consoles like Nintendo’s Wii and Microsoft’s Xbox 360. The major enhancement of this console over its predecessors is its ability to be a part of the Playstation network.

The console will no longer have to depend on video game developers for playing over a network. Further, it uses the Blu-ray discs for storage. Its other salient features include a terrific multimedia capability. Two main models were released including one with 20GB hard drive and another with 60 GB hard drive.

History of the PS3:

The Playstation 3 game console first arrived on the scene in May 2005. It had 2 HDMI ports, 6 USB ports and 3 Ethernet ports. But later on, a cost-cutting measure led to the reduction of features and there were now 1 HDMI port, 4 USB ports and 1 Ethernet port. Pricing structure was also released with the 20 GB variety costing $ 499 and the 60 GB variety costing $ 599. There was Wi-Fi Internet and an HDMI port in the 60 GB variety. There was also a beautiful silver logo which was absent on the 20 GB variety.

Right now, the Playstation 3 game console is available in 5 varieties of 20, 40, 60, 80 and 160 GB hard drives. All of them contain 1 or 2 Sixaxis controllers, 1 miniUSB to USB cable, 1 power cable, 1 Ethernet cable, 1 composite video output cable and/or a DualShock 3 controller. With the release of more and more models of PS3, backward compatibility with the Playstation has vanished.

What is the hardware?

The Playstation 3 game console is bent downwards when placed horizontally on the table. When held upright in a vertical position, you can see the PS3 logo shining brightly on top. Spiderman seems to be a favorite with the manufacturers as is evident from the logo. The sleek black model has a slot-loading Blu-ray disc drive for loading DVDs, CDs, Blu-ray movies, games and other such media. The CPU of the PS3 game console is made up of cell microprocessors from Sony, Toshiba and IBM. The system also has Bluetooth 2.0 along with Wi-Fi networking. In fact, the hardware of the PS3 is so advanced that even supercomputers can be built out of it.

What about the software?

The operating system of the PS3 game console has been so ingenuously designed that it can be updated from time to time. These updates can be obtained from the Playstation network or from the official Playstation website through an external PC. It can be done through system software available on game discs too. PS3 also allows Linux to be loaded onto it.

The Playstation network:

The Playstation network came into existence to allow the users of the Playstation 3 game console to have access to some of the Playstation and Playstation 2 titles by paying about $ 5 to US$ 15. It is a free 24-hour service which is available round the year. It also has multiplayer support. Electronic money can also be used in the form of Playstation Network Cards. This system has gained a lot of popularity since its launch.

The famous games:

Some of the games include: Resistance (Fall of Man); The Elder Scrolls IV (Oblivion); F.E.A.R.; Sonic the Hedgehog; Ridge Racer 7; Mobile Suit Gundam (Crossfire); Formula One Championship Edition; MotorStorm; Virtua Fighter 5; Heavenly sword; Lair; Ratchet and Clank future (Tools of destruction); Warhawk; Uncharted: Drake’s fortune.

A lot more titles are there in the Playstation 3 game console and more are being added every year. Its time you purchased a PS3 and got to discover all its marvels for yourself.

You can have access to articles about video games in portuguese language from page Video_Game

Roberto Sedycias works as IT consultant for Polomercantil

Find More F 40 Warhawk Articles

(Post from China rapid prototyping manufacturer blog)

Cool Remington 66 images

Check out these remington 66 images:

Image taken from page 66 of ‘Fighting & Farming in South Africa’
remington 66
Image by The British Library
Image taken from:

Title: "Fighting & Farming in South Africa"
Author: BROWNING, Frederick George.
Shelfmark: "British Library HMNTS 10097.de.7."
Page: 66
Place of Publishing: London
Date of Publishing: 1880
Publisher: Remington & Co.
Issuance: monographic
Identifier: 000499043

Explore:
Find this item in the British Library catalogue, ‘Explore’.
Download the PDF for this book (volume: 0) Image found on book scan 66 (NB not necessarily a page number)
Download the OCR-derived text for this volume: (plain text) or (json)

Click here to see all the illustrations in this book and click here to browse other illustrations published in books in the same year.

Order a higher quality version from here.

Image taken from page 111 of ‘[Bachelor to the Rescue. [A novel.]]’
remington 66
Image by The British Library
Image taken from:

Title: "[Bachelor to the Rescue. [A novel.]]"
Author: BETHUNE, Anne Florence Louisa Mary Patton.
Shelfmark: "British Library HMNTS 012630.h.47."
Page: 111
Place of Publishing: London
Date of Publishing: 1894
Publisher: Remington & Co.
Edition: Second edition.
Issuance: monographic
Identifier: 000305315

Explore:
Find this item in the British Library catalogue, ‘Explore’.
Download the PDF for this book (volume: 0) Image found on book scan 111 (NB not necessarily a page number)
Download the OCR-derived text for this volume: (plain text) or (json)

Click here to see all the illustrations in this book and click here to browse other illustrations published in books in the same year.

Order a higher quality version from here.

Bang!
remington 66
Image by Randy Cox
It was a fun day.

(Post from rapid prototyping companies in china blog)

Old Jaguar E-type sports car: hubcap sprocket text “UNDO –> RIGHT (OFF) SIDE”

Check out these prototype machining services images:

Old Jaguar E-type sports car: hubcap sprocket text “UNDO –> RIGHT (OFF) SIDE”
prototype machining services
Image by Chris Devers
Quoting from Wikipedia: Jaguar E-Type:

• • • • •

The Jaguar E-Type (UK) or XK-E (US) is a British automobile manufactured by Jaguar between 1961 and 1974. Its combination of good looks, high performance, and competitive pricing established the marque as an icon of 1960s motoring. A great success for Jaguar, over seventy thousand E-Types were sold during its lifespan.

In March 2008, the Jaguar E-Type ranked first in Daily Telegraph list of the "100 most beautiful cars" of all time.[2] In 2004, Sports Car International magazine placed the E-Type at number one on their list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s.

Contents

1 Overview
2 Concept versions
•• 2.1 E1A (1957)
•• 2.2 E2A (1960)
3 Production versions
•• 3.1 Series 1 (1961-1968)
•• 3.2 Series 2 (1969-1971)
•• 3.3 Series 3 (1971-1975)
4 Limited edtions
•• 4.1 Low Drag Coupé (1962)
•• 4.2 Lightweight E-Type (1963-1964)
5 Motor Sport
6 See also
7 References
8 External links

Overview

The E-Type was initially designed and shown to the public as a grand tourer in two-seater coupé form (FHC or Fixed Head Coupé) and as convertible (OTS or Open Two Seater). The 2+2 version with a lengthened wheelbase was released several years later.

On its release Enzo Ferrari called it "The most beautiful car ever made".

The model was made in three distinct versions which are now generally referred to as "Series 1", "Series 2" and "Series 3". A transitional series between Series 1 and Series 2 is known unofficially as "Series 1½".

In addition, several limited-edition variants were produced:

• The "’Lightweight’ E-Type" which was apparently intended as a sort of follow-up to the D-Type. Jaguar planned to produce 18 units but ultimately only a dozen were reportedly built. Of those, one is known to have been destroyed and two others have been converted to coupé form. These are exceedingly rare and sought after by collectors.
• The "Low Drag Coupé" was a one-off technical exercise which was ultimately sold to a Jaguar racing driver. It is presently believed to be part of the private collection of the current Viscount Cowdray.

Concept versions

E1A (1957)

After their success at LeMans 24 hr through the 1950s Jaguars defunct racing department were given the brief to use D-Type style construction to build a road going sports car, replacing the XK150.

It is suspected that the first prototype (E1A) was given the code based on: (E): The proposed production name E-Type (1): First Prototype (A): Aluminium construction (Production models used steel bodies)

The car featured a monocoque design, Jaguar’s fully independent rear suspension and the well proved "XK" engine.

The car was used solely for factory testings and was never formally released to the public. The car was eventually scrapped by the factory

E2A (1960)

Jaguar’s second E-Type concept was E2A which unlike E1A was constructed from a steel chassis and used a aluminium body. This car was completed as a race car as it was thought by Jaguar at the time it would provide a better testing ground.

E2A used a 3 litre version of the XK engine with a Lucas fuel injection system.

After retiring from the LeMans 24 hr the car was shipped to America to be used for racing by Jaguar privateer Briggs Cunningham.

In 1961 the car returned to Jaguar in England to be used as a testing mule.

Ownership of E2A passed to Roger Woodley (Jaguars customer competition car manager) who took possession on the basis the car not be used for racing. E2A had been scheduled to be scrapped.

Roger’s wife Penny Griffiths owned E2A until 2008 when it was offered for sale at Bonham’s Quail Auction. Sale price was US.5 million

Production versions

Series 1 (1961-1968)

Series I

• Production
1961–1968[3] [4]

Body style(s)
2-door coupe
2-door 2+2 coupe
2-door convertible

Engine(s)
3.8 L XK I6
4.2 L XK I6

Wheelbase
96.0 in (2438 mm) (FHC / OTS)
105.0 in (2667 mm) (2+2) [5]

• Length
175.3125 in (4453 mm) (FHC / OTS)
184.4375 in (4685 mm) (2+2) [5]

• Width
65.25 in (1657 mm) (all) [5]

• Height
48.125 in (1222 mm) (FHC)
50.125 in (1273 mm) (2+2)
46.5 in (1181 mm) (OTS)[5]

Curb weight
2,900 lb (1,315 kg) (FHC)
2,770 lb (1,256 kg) (OTS)
3,090 lb (1,402 kg) (2+2) [6]

• Fuel capacity
63.64 L (16.8 US gal; 14.0 imp gal)[5]

The Series 1 was introduced, initially for export only, in March 1961. The domestic market launch came four months later in July 1961.[7] The cars at this time used the triple SU carburetted 3.8 litre 6-cylinder Jaguar XK6 engine from the XK150S. The first 500 cars built had flat floors and external hood (bonnet) latches. These cars are rare and more valuable. After that, the floors were dished to provide more leg room and the twin hood latches moved to inside the car. The 3.8 litre engine was increased to 4.2 litres in October 1964.[7]

All E-Types featured independent coil spring rear suspension with torsion bar front ends, and four wheel disc brakes, in-board at the rear, all were power-assisted. Jaguar was one of the first auto manufacturers to equip cars with disc brakes as standard from the XK150 in 1958. The Series 1 can be recognised by glass covered headlights (up to 1967), small "mouth" opening at the front, signal lights and tail-lights above bumpers and exhaust tips under the licence plate in the rear.

3.8 litre cars have leather-upholstered bucket seats, an aluminium-trimmed centre instrument panel and console (changed to vinyl and leather in 1963), and a Moss 4-speed gearbox that lacks synchromesh for 1st gear ("Moss box"). 4.2 litre cars have more comfortable seats, improved brakes and electrical systems, and an all-synchromesh 4-speed gearbox. 4.2 litre cars also have a badge on the boot proclaiming "Jaguar 4.2 Litre E-Type" (3.8 cars have a simple "Jaguar" badge). Optional extras included chrome spoked wheels and a detachable hard top for the OTS.

An original E-Type hard top is very rare, and finding one intact with all the chrome, not to mention original paint in decent condition, is rather difficult. For those who want a hardtop and aren’t fussy over whether or not it is an original from Jaguar, several third parties have recreated the hardtop to almost exact specifications. The cost ranges anywhere from double to triple the cost of a canvas/vinyl soft top.

A 2+2 version of the coupé was added in 1966. The 2+2 offered the option of an automatic transmission. The body is 9 in (229 mm) longer and the roof angles are different with a more vertical windscreen. The roadster remained a strict two-seater.

There was a transitional series of cars built in 1967-68, unofficially called "Series 1½", which are externally similar to Series 1 cars. Due to American pressure the new features were open headlights, different switches, and some de-tuning (with a downgrade of twin Zenith-Stromberg carbs from the original triple SU carbs) for US models. Some Series 1½ cars also have twin cooling fans and adjustable seat backs. Series 2 features were gradually introduced into the Series 1, creating the unofficial Series 1½ cars, but always with the Series 1 body style.

Less widely known, there was also right at the end of Series 1 production and prior to the transitional "Series 1½" referred to above, a very small number of Series 1 cars produced with open headlights.[8] These are sometimes referred to as "Series 1¼" cars.[9] Production dates on these machines vary but in right hand drive form production has been verified as late as March 1968.[10] It is thought that the low number of these cars produced relative to the other Series make them amongst the rarest of all production E Types.

An open 3.8 litre car, actually the first such production car to be completed, was tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1961 and had a top speed of 149.1 mph (240.0 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 7.1 seconds. A fuel consumption of 21.3 miles per imperial gallon (13.3 L/100 km; 17.7 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £2097 including taxes.[11]

Production numbers from Graham[12]:

• 15,490 3.8s
• 17,320 4.2s
• 10,930 2+2s

Production numbers from xkedata.com[13]: [omitted — Flickr doesn’t allow tables]

Series 2 (1969-1971)

Series II

• Production
1969–1971[3] [4]

Body style(s)
2-door coupe
2-door 2+2 coupe
2-door convertible

Engine(s)
4.2 L XK I6

Curb weight
3,018 lb (1,369 kg) (FHC)
2,750 lb (1,247 kg) (OTS)
3,090 lb (1,402 kg) (2+2) [6]

Open headlights without glass covers, a wrap-around rear bumper, re-positioned and larger front indicators and taillights below the bumpers, better cooling aided by an enlarged "mouth" and twin electric fans, and uprated brakes are hallmarks of Series 2 cars. De-tuned in US, but still with triple SUs in the UK, the engine is easily identified visually by the change from smooth polished cam covers to a more industrial ‘ribbed’ appearance. Late Series 1½ cars also had ribbed cam covers. The interior and dashboard were also redesigned, with rocker switches that met U.S health and safety regulations being substituted for toggle switches. The dashboard switches also lost their symmetrical layout. New seats were fitted, which purists claim lacked the style of the originals but were certainly more comfortable. Air conditioning and power steering were available as factory options.

Production according to Graham[12] is 13,490 of all types.

Series 2 production numbers from xkedata.com[13]: [omitted — Flickr doesn’t allow tables]

Official delivery numbers by market and year are listed in Porter[3] but no summary totals are given.

Series 3 (1971-1975)

Series III

• Production
1971–1975

Body style(s)
2-door 2+2 coupe
2-door convertible

Engine(s)
5.3 L Jaguar V12

Wheelbase
105 in (2667 mm) (both)[6]

• Length
184.4 in (4684 mm) (2+2)
184.5 in (4686 mm) (OTS)[6]

• Width
66.0 in (1676 mm) (2+2)
66.1 in (1679 mm) (OTS)[6]

• Height
48.9 in (1242 mm) (2+2)
48.1 in (1222 mm) (OTS)[6]

Curb weight
3,361 lb (1,525 kg) (2+2)
3,380 lb (1,533 kg) (OTS)[6]

• Fuel capacity
82 L (21.7 US gal; 18.0 imp gal)[14]

A new 5.3 L 12-cylinder Jaguar V12 engine was introduced, with uprated brakes and standard power steering. The short wheelbase FHC body style was discontinued and the V12 was available only as a convertible and 2+2 coupé. The convertible used the longer-wheelbase 2+2 floorplan. It is easily identifiable by the large cross-slatted front grille, flared wheel arches and a badge on the rear that proclaims it to be a V12. There were also a very limited number of 4.2 litre six-cylinder Series 3 E-Types built. These were featured in the initial sales literature. It is believed these are the rarest of all E-Types of any remaining.

In 2008 a British classic car enthusiast assembled what is surely the last ever E-Type from parts bought from the end-of-production surplus in 1974.[15]

Graham[12] lists production at 15,290.

Series 3 production numbers from xkedata.com[13]: [omitted — Flickr doesn’t allow tables]

Limited edtions

Two limited production E-Type variants were made as test beds, the Low Drag Coupe and Lightweight E-Type, both of which were raced:

Low Drag Coupé (1962)

Shortly after the introduction of the E-Type, Jaguar management wanted to investigate the possibility of building a car more in the spirit of the D-Type racer from which elements of the E-Type’s styling and design were derived. One car was built to test the concept designed as a coupé as its monocoque design could only be made rigid enough for racing by using the "stressed skin" principle. Previous Jaguar racers were built as open-top cars because they were based on ladder frame designs with independent chassis and bodies. Unlike the steel production E-Types the LDC used lightweight aluminium. Sayer retained the original tub with lighter outer panels riveted and glued to it. The front steel sub frame remained intact, the windshield was given a more pronounced slope and the rear hatch welded shut. Rear brake cooling ducts appeared next to the rear windows,and the interior trim was discarded, with only insulation around the transmission tunnel. With the exception of the windscreen, all cockpit glass was plexi. A tuned version of Jaguar’s 3.8 litre engine with a wide angle cylinder-head design tested on the D-Type racers was used. Air management became a major problem and, although much sexier looking and certainly faster than a production E-Type, the car was never competitive: the faster it went, the more it wanted to do what its design dictated: take off.

The one and only test bed car was completed in summer of 1962 but was sold a year later to Jaguar racing driver Dick Protheroe who raced it extensively and eventually sold it. Since then it has passed through the hands of several collectors on both sides of the Atlantic and now is believed to reside in the private collection of the current Viscount Cowdray.

Lightweight E-Type (1963-1964)

In some ways, this was an evolution of the Low Drag Coupé. It made extensive use of aluminium alloy in the body panels and other components. However, with at least one exception, it remained an open-top car in the spirit of the D-Type to which this car is a more direct successor than the production E-Type which is more of a GT than a sports car. The cars used a tuned version of the production 3.8 litre Jaguar engine with 300 bhp (224 kW) output rather than the 265 bhp (198 kW) produced by the "ordinary" version. At least one car is known to have been fitted with fuel-injection.

The cars were entered in various races but, unlike the C-Type and D-Type racing cars, they did not win at Le Mans or Sebring.

Motor Sport

Bob Jane won the 1963 Australian GT Championship at the wheel of an E-Type.

The Jaguar E-Type was very successful in SCCA Production sports car racing with Group44 and Bob Tullius taking the B-Production championship with a Series-3 V12 racer in 1975. A few years later, Gran-Turismo Jaguar from Cleveland Ohio campaigned a 4.2 L 6 cylinder FHC racer in SCCA production series and in 1980, won the National Championship in the SCCA C-Production Class defeating a fully funded factory Nissan Z-car team with Paul Newman.

See also

Jaguar XK150 – predecessor to the E-Type
Jaguar XJS – successor to the E-Type
Jaguar XK8 – The E-Type’s current and spiritual successor
Guyson E12 – a rebodied series III built by William Towns

References

^ Loughborough graduate and designer of E Type Jaguar honoured
^ 100 most beautiful cars
• ^ a b cPorter, Philip (2006). Jaguar E-type, the definitive history. p. 443. ISBN 0-85429-580-1.
• ^ a b"’69 Series 2 Jaguar E Types", Autocar, October 24, 1968
• ^ a b c d eThe Complete Official Jaguar "E". Cambridge: Robert Bentley. 1974. p. 12. ISBN 0-8376-0136-3.
• ^ a b c d e f g"Jaguar E-Type Specifications". http://www.web-cars.com/e-type/specifications.php. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
• ^ a b"Buying secondhand E-type Jaguar". Autocar 141 (nbr4042): pages 50–52. 6 April 1974.
^ See Jaguar Clubs of North America concourse information at: [1] and more specifically the actual Series 1½ concourse guide at [2]
^ Ibid.
^ Compare right hand drive VIN numbers given in JCNA concours guide referred to above with production dates for right hand drive cars as reflected in the XKEdata database at [3]
^"The Jaguar E-type". The Motor. March 22, 1961.
• ^ a b cRobson, Graham (2006). A–Z British Cars 1945–1980. Devon, UK: Herridge & Sons. ISBN 0-9541063-9-3.
• ^ a b chttp://www.xkedata.com/stats/. http://www.xkedata.com/stats/. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
^Daily Express Motor Show Review 1975 Cars: Page 24 (Jaguar E V12). October 1974.
^ jalopnik.com/5101872/british-man-cobbles-together-last-ja…

Boeing P-26A
prototype machining services
Image by ksr8s
19th Pursuit Squadron, 18th Pursuit Group, Wheeler Field, Hawaii 1938

The P-26A marked a significant step in the evolution of fighter aircraft — it became the U.S. Army Air Corps’ first all-metal monoplane fighter in regular service. Affectionately nicknamed the "Peashooter" by its pilots, the P-26A could fly much faster in level flight than the Air Corps’ older wood and fabric biplane fighters. The P-26A also had a higher landing speed. Although not initially delivered with wing flaps, P-26As were later fitted with them to reduce landing speeds.

Even with its monoplane design and all-metal construction, the Peashooter retained some traditional features, such as an open cockpit, fixed landing gear and external wing bracing. The P-26A became the last Air Corps fighter to have these obsolete characteristics.

The first of three prototype P-26s flew in March 1932. After purchasing these aircraft, the Air Corps ordered a total of 111 of the production version, the P-26A, and 25 of the later B and C models. Boeing delivered the first P-26As to the Air Corps in December 1933. The P-26 remained the Air Corps front-line fighter until 1938, when the Curtiss P-36A and the Seversky P-35 began to replace it.

The P-26 also flew in foreign air forces. In 1934 Boeing sold an export version to the Chinese, who flew it in combat against the Japanese. In December 1941, the Philippine government employed the then-obsolete P-26 against the Japanese in a futile effort.

This P-26A reproduction is painted to represent the commander’s aircraft of the 19th Pursuit Squadron, 18th Pursuit Group, stationed at Wheeler Field, Hawaii, in 1938.

TECHNICAL NOTES:
Armament: Two .30-cal. or one .50-cal. and one .30-cal. machine guns; 200 lbs. of bombs
Engine: Pratt & Whitney R-1340 "Wasp" radial of 500 hp
Maximum speed: 234 mph
Cruising speed: 199 mph
Range: 360 miles
Ceiling: 27,400 ft.
Span: 27 ft. 11.5 in.
Length: 23 ft. 10 in.
Height: 10 ft. 5 in.
Weight: 2,197 lbs. empty; 2,955 lbs. maximum

(Post from rapid prototyping companies in china blog)